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Published 12.04.2014 | Author : admin | Category : What Do Women Want In A Man

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder diagnosed in roughly 10 percent of school-aged children and adolescents. Anyone who has parented a small child will tell you -- short attention spans and high levels of activity are part of a normal childhood. Unlike strep throat, ADHD has no special laboratory test that a physician uses to make a specific diagnosis.
Behavioral education for the child and their caregivers should always be considered as a first-line treatment for any case of ADHD. A healthcare provider with expertise in evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of children with ADHD is the best place to start. Stimulants, such as various forms of methylphenidate (Ritalin, Daytrana, Focalin, Concerta, Metadate ER or Quillivant XR), the mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall), lisdexamphetamine (Vyvanse), the oral dissolving amphetamine tablet Adzenys XR-ODT, amphetamine tablet Evekeo, and the extended-release amphetamine liquid Dyanavel XR are often the first class of drug chosen for ADHD treatment. There is more than a 50 year history of use with stimulants, and their actions and side effects are well-known. About 10 to 20 percent of children may not have an optimal effect with stimulants or may have side effects that require a dose or medicine change. While many children have a good response to stimulants, some children can't take stimulants because of health conditions or bothersome sides effects. Some children, at their doctors direction, may have a trial reduction or elimination of their medications if their symptoms are improved over a year, dosages have remain stable, or missed doses do not result in symptoms.
Actually, the minds of children and adults with ADHD are working very hard, far from being lazy.
As children get older, they may become more responsible for handing and administering their own medications. Melatonin is an OTC supplement often used to help with insomnia, jet lag, and other sleep disorders.
The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Children may have difficulty paying attention and completing tasks, and can show excessive signs of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, or some combination of these behaviors. In children with ADHD these behaviors can be excessive, not appropriate based on the their age, and cause disruption, both at school and at home. There does appear to be a link between a family history of ADHD (genetics) and influences from the environment. A pediatrician or child psychiatrist will make a diagnosis based on interviews with you, your child, and teachers at school. This may also be highly recommended if the child is less than 6 years of age, has mild symptoms, or the family prefers this option over drug therapy. Parents or caregivers may be concerned that stimulant use in ADHD may lead to future addiction or other forms of drug abuse.
If stimulants are not an option for your child, your healthcare provider may suggest using a non-stimulant such as atomoxetine (Strattera). For these children, a class of medications called alpha-2 agonists can be used alone or added to stimulants or atomoxetine (Strattera). In these children, antidepressants such as bupropion (Wellbutrin) and desipramine (Norpramin) have been shown to be effective, but are prescribed "off-label", meaning they are not specifically FDA-approved for ADHD.


However, over one-half of adolescents who have ADHD continue to need ADHD treatment in adulthood. A risk of addiction has not been shown to occur in people with ADHD who use stimulants appropriately. Living with them can be a challenge, but the explosion of new treatments in the past few years has brought good news to those suffering from these conditions; and one step closer to a cure. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. ADHD can lead to difficulties in school, work and home life.ADHD medications such as stimulants, coupled with behavioral therapy, can be very effective in the control of ADHD.
Over time, adolescents and teens with ADHD may become less hyperactive, but may still suffer from distraction, poor organization, and low impulse control. Some critics claim that there has been overdiagnosis of children with ADHD with excess prescribing of stimulants. Questions may focus on home and school relationships, attentiveness, hyperactivity, and ability to control emotions.
Included in the education should be information about symptoms and course of ADHD, medical treatments and expected side effects, and local resources for the family and child. In addition, dose adjustments are frequent and a healthcare professional can guide drug dose adjustments.
Family history and genetics, the environment and certain toxins have been linked with ADHD, and research into its causes are ongoing.However, parenting style may worsen a child's ADHD symptoms. As proven in a clinical trial in 1992 called the Multi-Modal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA study), stimulants are the most effective treatment for ADHD as long as doses are monitored and adjusted specifically for each child.
In fact, studies suggest that ADHD stimulant treatment decreases the risk of substance abuse and may delay the onset through adolescence. Alpha-2 agonists include generic clonidine (Catapres), guanfacine (Tenex), as well as the extended-release versions of clonidine (Kapvay) and guanfacine (Intuniv). Although not proven, there are also concerns that there may be a rare risk of suicidal thinking in children, adolescents, and young adults using nonstimulants or antidepressants for ADHD. Many adults with ADHD remain undiagnosed and are not able to address their illness; in fact, only 25 percent of adults with ADHD symptoms even seek treatment.
Adequately completing a task in a timely fashion, and staying focused while doing it is not as easy for people with ADHD. However, there is the risk that family members, friends, classmates or others may attempt to gain access to the stimulant medication for abuse. Indeed, as more has been learned about ADHD and how to recognize it, greater rates of diagnosis may have taken place.
The stimulants, such as methylphenidate, are often the first choice of drug treatment in ADHD. Parenting behaviors such as being overly critical, demanding, or negative may increase the risk for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorders that can accompany ADHD in up to 50 percent of children. However, mild side effects, such as difficulty sleeping, reduced appetite and weight loss, headaches and stomach upset can occur and should be reported to your child's doctor if they interfere with the daily routine. Adolescents with ADHD have also been shown to have fewer car accidents when being treated for ADHD compared to those who are not treated.


Atomoxetine, unlike stimulants, may take several weeks for the full effect to be seen, but also has a low abuse potential. Alpha-2 agonists may cause low blood pressure, slow heart rate, and drowsiness as side effects, but may be useful in children with trouble sleeping, aggression, or stimulant-induced tics. It is important to monitor your child for changes in mood or signs of depression or suicide. Untreated ADHD can leave adults at risk for depression, anxiety, or alcohol and drug abuse. Some experts suggest that a part of the brain in those with ADHD works harder but less efficiently than those without ADHD.
A 2016 study pointed out that most teens who abuse ADHD stimulants get them from someone else.To safeguard medications, children and teenager's ADHD medications should be monitored, and caregivers or school personnel should safeguard and administer.
Follow the slide show to learn about ADHD causes, diagnosis, treatments and myths surrounding this condition. Young adults with uncontrolled ADHD may be at a greater risk for alcohol and drug abuse, driving violations and accidents, dropping out of school, or job loss. In addition, legal mandates in the school to increase special services for children may have led some to believe that there are now excessive numbers of children with this diagnosis, when in fact these children are now recognized when previously they may have been ignored. Parent-training to learn how to effectively manage ADHD behaviors, and child-focused treatment that fosters social, academic and problem-solving skills are important for success. Stimulants are effective in up to 80 percent of patients, and they have been used for the treatment of ADHD for many decades. Open communication with teachers and healthcare providers, as well as coaching or therapy for parents can be helpful.
In addition, adults with ADHD may be less likely to be involved in drug-related criminal activity, but the lowered risk of substance abuse may not last into adulthood.
Atomoxetine might be an option for teens or college students when there is a concern about stimulant abuse or diversion; if there is an accompanying tic disorder, or if significant anxiety is present.
In addition, problems may arise within the workplace, with personal relationships, or with financial or legal issues. Options also need to be created for people with ADHD to work "differently", not "harder", so that they can focus; for example, external tools such as alarms, creating lists, and developing written charts for decision-making.
At home, keep medications locked in a childproof container and deliver stimulant medication first-hand to the school nurse. It is estimated that boys with ADHD outnumber girls two-to-one, but some experts feel that girls may not be diagnosed as often due to less disruptive behaviors. Stimulants act quickly in children to curb hyperactivity, impulsiveness and improve attention.



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