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Published 23.01.2015 | Author : admin | Category : Very Irresistible For Men

The Jewelers Vigilance Committee is committed to provide a guidance tool for the trade on the subject of silver and gold precious metal articles. New combinations and alloys of gold, silver and gold and other gold plated products are being developed for use in jewelry in this increasingly technological world. The information and guidance contained in this publication is not meant to be any form of legal advice. The legal standards that apply to the manufacture, sale and advertising of jewelry made of silver or gold are contained in three government regulations. The Federal Trade Commission Guides for the Jewelry, Precious Metal and Pewter Industries was published in its current form in 1996. The guidance contained in this publication is based on JVCa€™s interpretation of three regulatory systems as they act in combination: The National Gold and Silver Stamping Act, the FTCGuides and the Voluntary Product Standard PS 68-76. Many people in the jewelry industry believe that fineness of precious metal must be stamped on a jewelry item made of gold or silver. If you do choose to quality stamp the jewelry item made of gold or silver, the law requires that you place a federally registered trademark in close proximity to the quality stamp.
Sellers of items composed of gold alloys must identify the karat quality of the gold in the item. When the electroplating meets the minimum fineness stated above and a minimum thickness equivalent to 2 . An article of jewelry is described as a€?vermeila€? when there is a coating of gold over sterling silver, that is of substantial thickness.
Jewelry made of gold and silver will be marked differently depending on whether the gold and silver are visibly distinguishable. Sellers of silver objects can use the terms a€?solid silvera€? or a€?sterling silvera€? when they contain at least 925 PPT (parts per thousand) pure silver. Silver coated or silver-plated objects must be so coated with silver as to provide a durable covering of the base metal on which it has been affixed. Stainless Steel, titanium and tungsten are not precious metals a€“ However, when such a product has been fully covered by any process, with a plating of gold alloy of not less than 10 karat fineness, the FTCrules for plating apply. To read more about the Ninth Ciruit Court of Appeals on remand from the US Supreme Court decision. Prohibiting Angel Raicha€™s medical cannabis activities a€“ which the undisputed evidence establishes are necessary to save her from intolerable pain and death a€“ would unduly burden her fundamental rights and would thus violate the Fifth Amendmenta€™s Due Process Clause and the retained rights referred to in the Ninth Amendment. The government does not attempt to refute Appellantsa€™ showing that the Due Process Clause and the Ninth Amendment protect not only the fundamental right to a€?life,a€? but also the fundamental rights to make life-shaping decisions, preserve bodily integrity, and avoid severe pain.
Before examining the numerous omissions and flawed premises underlying the governmenta€™s argument for rationality review, an important inaccuracy that pervades the governmenta€™s brief must be corrected. The government also errs in dismissing the Ninth Amendment based on United Public Workers v. To read the briefs from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals on Remand from the Supreme Court click here.A  To read all the briefs filed to date in this case click here. This case, first and foremost, is about granting sick and dying patients the right to a medicine that has proven medical benefits supported by government studies and health care professionals.
The Attorney General and the federal government now have a choice: They can choose to continue wasting taxpayersa€™ dollars raiding the homes of sick and dying patientsa€”suffering from diseases like cancer, chronic pain, leukemia, multiple sclerosis and AIDSa€”who are abiding by state and local laws, or they can choose more worthwhile priorities, like national security or arresting terrorists.
Overwhelming support for more common sense medical cannabis laws, most recently in Montana, Ann Arbor MI, and Columbia MO further point to growing public support for cannabis as legitimate medicine and the compassion most Americans have for severely ill people who rely on cannabis to alleviate their suffering.
Something must be done now to protect sick and dying patients in accessing the medicine that helps them lead a healthier and less painful life. The federal government does not have the right to interfere if a state decides to allow doctors to recommend proven treatments for their patients. To date, the federal government has ignored conclusive scientific dataa€”even from their own studiesa€”about the effectiveness of medical cannabis. The federal government should not interfere between a patient and her doctora€™s decision to recommend the medicine that best treats the patienta€™s illness. People who suffer from chronic pain, leukemia, cancer, multiple sclerosis and other life-threatening illnesses should not have to live in fear of being arrested for taking the medicine they need to survivea€”medicine their doctors are recommending for them.
Be sure to check out all of our Supreme Court briefs and all of the friends of the court amicus briefs. The United States Supreme Court reviewed the December 16, 2003, Ninth Circuit Court of Appealsa€™ ruling in Raich v.


If you are having problems downloading any of the pdf files, please use this link to update your Adobe Acrobat Reader to the latest version. The laws and regulations that govern the manufacture and sale of industry products made with silver and gold are well established. The application of the law to these products is essential to ensure consumer confidence in these products.
These standards described in this brochure do not apply to products made of metals that are used in the manufacture of costume jewelry.
First, The National Gold and Silver Stamping Act is a federal law that was enacted in 1905.
These guidelines establish the standards the FTC will apply to claims and representations at all levels of the trade about a€?industry productsa€? (jewelry and other objects) regarding any material aspect of the product.
This standard was published by the US Department of Commerce, and reflects the accepted trade practice in the marking of articles made only of silver in combination with gold, either visually distinguishable or not, and includes articles where the gold fully covers the base.
This has the effect of providing assurance to the purchaser that the itema€™s precious metal quality is guaranteed by the entity that stamps the item. To use the word a€?Golda€? without qualification means the product is 24-karat gold throughout.
When the electroplating meets minimum fineness but not the minimum thickness stated above, identify the product as a€?Gold Flasheda€? or a€?Gold Washeda€?.
Indistinguishable: If gold and silver are used in one article (alloyed or not), and are not visually distinguishable, you must disclose the amount of gold used.
Distinguishable: When the two precious metals can be distinguished (yellow and white) the two metals can be marked similarly. For karat gold articles, you need not include in the assay for quality posts and nuts or metallic parts that are completely and permanently encased in a non-metallic covering a€“ i.e.
For gold filled and plated articles, you need not include in your assay for quality joints, catches, screws, pin stems, etc. Optical articles such as gold glasses can exclude for assay the hinges, washers, bushings and nuts of screw assemblies, the pads, the springs, etc. Therefore, if the item assays at 892 parts per thousand pure silver, it cannot be called coin silver. Because various objects are subject to different degrees of wear, the thickness of the coating on these objects (or parts of objects) does not have to be uniform. It would be a violation of accepted legal standards to use words to market jewelry made of these metals that imply that they are made of precious metals.
Nor does it dispute that its prohibition of Angela€™s medically necessary activities must be ruled unconstitutional if this Court applies the undue burden standard. So while the Supreme Court ruling is disappointing, my battle - the battle I share with thousands of medical cannabis patients across the country - is far from over. Justice Stevens wrote in the decision that Congress can change the law to allow medical use of cannabis as medicine. This case is about enabling states to advance social policies beyond the reach of Congress that help extremely sick patients live with their illnesses. This is a federalism issue, and the federal government has no business poking its nose into it. Clearly the federal government is playing politics with patientsa€™ lives, choosing to ignore scientific fact. They will prove there is medical evidence to support the use of medical cannabis and how the government has at every turn tried to prevent research. Supreme Court Heard this landmark Medical Cannabis Case Involving the Federal Governmenta€™s Persecution of Severely ill Patients and Caregivers.
Ashcroft to decide whether the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 is unconstitutional as it applies to a patienta€™s or caregivera€™s right to cultivate and possess cannabis to treat medical conditions as recommended by the patienta€™s doctor. This publication can be used as a guide to achieve a greater understanding of the legal requirements for identifying, marking and marketing these products.
Violations of this law carry sanctions that include forfeiture, civil and criminal monetary penalties, and even jail! This includes labeling, promotional material, and all other forms of marketing, including advertising.
But in the US, you are required to identify the fineness of the quality of the precious metal, but you do not need to stamp it on the item itself.


The manufacturera€™s duly registered trademark is usually stamped on the product - or the retailer can apply a registered stamp.
The quality mark must state a€?sterling silver + 10Kgolda€? preceded by a fraction representing the proportion of the weight of the gold to the entire weight of the metal in the article. If the silver in the alloy assayed at 914 parts per thousand, it would not qualify to be called sterling silver.
Further, it would be a deceptive trade practice to mislead consumers to believe that jewelry made of stainless steel, titanium or tungsten consists of precious metal. Instead, it simply denies that any fundamental rights are at stake and insists that mere rationality review applies. 558 (2003), the Supreme Courta€™s most recent a€“ and thus controlling a€“ ruling on the substantive protections of the Due Process Clause.
The single most important thing to understand is that state and local laws on the books protecting medical cannabis patients and their doctors will continue to stand and are not at all affected by this ruling.
We have support from Constitional Law Scholars, the Institute for Justice, three states that support the use of medical cannabis, and we have support from three concervative states that support federalism. The intention of this brochure is to ensure a greater understanding of these laws so that they can be properly applied to the trade practice in this area and, therefore, provide clear, accurate consumer information. This statue addresses standards for fineness of gold and silver, rules pertaining to the making and marking of gold and silver objects and provides for law suits that can be brought by competitors and jewelry trade associations for violations of its provisions. Violations of these standards can lead to a FTC civil enforcement action that can impose both fines and injunctive relief. You can identify it on the invoice, on a hangtag, or on other descriptive material accompanying the piece. Anything that is less than 10 karat gold cannot be described as gold, even with the karat designation a€“ it is a pretty yellow metal a€“ but it is not gold!
As a result of this omission and its misunderstandings of the Supreme Courta€™s other applicable opinions, the government characterizes Angela€™s fundamental rights far too narrowly and fails to engage in the historical analysis that the Supreme Courta€™s precedents demand.
While the decision is disappointing, the timing is fortunate because next week, the House of Representatives will vote on medical cannabis legislation that would do just that. In fact, 4our states with medical cannabis laws on the books are red: Colorado, Nevada, Montana and Alaska. The government compounds these errors by relying heavily on plainly inapplicable cases involving attempts to obtain laetrile in commerce as an elective treatment and persons seeking to select a healthcare provider who fails to satisfy basic licensing requirements. Appellants have made it abundantly clear that Angel challenges only the constitutionality of complete prohibition of her medical cannabis use, and that she does not object to reasonable regulations of such use.
Mitchell unjustifiably collapsed the Ninth and Tenth Amendments, which were adopted to address different problems. Opening up an important window of opportunity for medical cannabis patients and their caregivers, the United States Supreme Court will review the Ninth Circuit Court of Appealsa€™ December 16, 2003 ruling in Ashcroft v.
Accordingly,IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT, during the pendency of this action Defenants and their agents and officers, and any person acting in consort wit them, are hereby enjoined from arresting or prosecuting Plaintiffs Angel McClary Raich and Diane Monson, siezing their medical cannabis, forfeiting their property, or seeking civil or administrative sanctions against them with respect to the intrastate, noncommercial cultivation, possession, use, and obtaining without charge of cannabis for personal medical purposes on the advice of a phycician and in accordance with state law, and which is not used for distribution, sale or exchange; and Read more of the Raich preliminary injunction On December 16, 2003.
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an opinion reversing and remanding the case Raich v.
The case, scheduled before the high court on November 29, 2004 will set a national precedent by weighing whether or not patients have the legal right to treat their illnesses by medicating with cannabis when recommended by their doctors. Ashcroft to the district court with instructions to enter a preliminary injunction, as sought by the patients and caregivers. Mitchell has been superseded by more recent cases a€“ which the government fails to cite a€“ in which the Supreme Court has expressly relied on the Ninth Amendment to support its recognition of unenumerated rights. The Court having considered all the pleadings filed in this matter, the argument made by counsel, and for good cause having been shown, Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction is GRANTED. 833, 848 (1992) (citing Ninth Amendment as textual support for holding); Richmond Newspapers v. In any event, Appellants invoke the Ninth Amendment not because it alters the Supreme Courta€™s Due Process Clause jurisprudence, but rather because it provides strong textual and historical support for that jurisprudence.



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