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Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations. SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar i??speed enforcement systems.
SML Contracted To Teach At Sheppard Air Force Base-SML has received confirmation that it will be teaching the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Instructor Course to the Air Police at Sheppard Air Force Base in Wichita Falls. Enforcing City-Wide Bans Article To Be Published-SML has researched the use of hand held cell phones while driving in cities with and without city-wide cell phone bans during the first half of 2010 with the assistance of local law enforcement agencies.
A A A  Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations.A  An average of 90% among the four grading criteria is required for instructor certification.
A A  Officer Leonard Redhorse received SMLa€™s TOP GUN Award as being the top student in the class.
SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials.A  SML serves many federal, state, and local courts as a court recognized expert witness in law enforcement use of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar speed enforcement systems. SML taught NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to law enforcement agencies in Las Cruces, NM in March 2010.
SML To Serve Texas State University As Consultant-SML met with professorial faculty of Texas State University in March to participate in a longitudinal study on the effectiveness of a state-wide ban on hand held cell phone use in school zones.
As Texas has made the use of cell phones in school zones a primary offense, officers can make a traffic stop for the offense.
SML Launches Research Into Double Fines-During the quarter, SML has conducted research in work zones with and without Double Fine laws to determine if therei?? is a difference between work zone speeds with and without the notifications. SML Testifies For Corpus Christi, TX As An Expert Witness-At the invitation of the Prosecutora€™s Office of Corpus Christi, TX SML served the court as court recognized a€?expert witnessa€? in a January 2010 trial. Navajo Nation Law Enforcement Agency Invites SML To Assist In Controlling Speeds-February saw SML travel to Window Rock, NM to assist the Navajo Nation Police Agency in exploring new technologies in controlling speeds in what has become the deadliest highway in the i??nation, U.S.
Illinois HB6083 Laser Gun Judicial Notice Bill Close To Reality-HB6083 filed on 11 March 2010 standardizes laser gun judicial notice state-wide.
SML Teaches DBC At North Richland Hills, TX Police Department-In February 2010, SML taught officers of the North Richland Hills Police Department, 120 sworn officers, the Distance i??Between Cars, DBC, feature of their new Laser Technology Inc. Annual Detector Test Date Finalized-SML has announced 25,26,27 June 2010 for the dates of its Annual Detector Test. SML Serves Ohio As Expert Witness-At the request of the Hamilton, Ohio Prosecutora€™s Office, SML testified as a court recognized expert witness in severali?? a€?judicial noticea€? trials during April 2010.
Members of he Chicago Bar Association comprised of judges, defense lawyers, prosecutors, and officers from the Chicago Police Department attended the meeting in early April in downtown Chicago. Public Roads To Publish SML Work Zone Speed Limit Research-Public Roads Magazine, NHTSA, has been forwarded SML Research Project: #SML10-286-Speed Limit Compliance In Deadly, Dangerous Work Zones.
Results of the SML research ranged where only .03% of Texas drivers were obeying the work zone speed limit of 50 mph to 15% obeying the work zone speed limit of 60 mph in Arkansas. All new models of radar detectors werei?? evaluated to see if theiri?? performance matched their claims. SML Contracted To Teach NHTSA Standard Radar Laser Instruction At Navajo Nation-SML has been contracted by the Navajo Nation Police Agency to teach Master Radar Laser Instructor Curriculum to officers in Shiprock, New Mexico in late July 2010.
SML taughtA  NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to law enforcement agencies in Las Cruces, NM in March 2010. A A A  As Texas has made the use of cell phones in school zones a primary offense, officers can make a traffic stop for the offense. SML Launches Research Into Double Fines-During the quarter, SML has conducted research in work zones with and without Double Fine laws to determine if there is a difference between work zone speeds with and without the notifications.A  This research compliments current SML research into compliance with interstate work zone speed limits began in 2009. Navajo Nation Law Enforcement Agency Invites SML To Assist In Controlling Speeds-February saw SML travel to Window Rock, NM to assist the Navajo Nation Police Agency in exploring new technologies in controlling speeds in what has become the deadliest highway in the nation, U.S.
SML Teaches DBC At North Richland Hills, TX Police Department-In February 2010, SML taught officers of the North Richland Hills Police Department, 120 sworn officers, the Distance Between Cars, DBC, feature of their new Laser Technology Inc.
All new models of radar detectors were evaluated to see if their performance matched their claims.
SML Contracted To Teach NHTSA Standard Radar Laser Instruction At Navajo Nation-SML has been contracted by the Navajo Nation Police Agency to teach Master Radar Laser Instructor Curriculum to officers in Shiprock, New Mexico in late July 2010.A  Officers will follow dictates of the benchmark court decision of Honeycutt v. Published-This quarter saw SML published in two national police publications, Police and Security News and The Police Journal.
The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental i??speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone. Student Testimonials-We teach on average once a month at law enforcement agencies nationally. SML Teaches At Fort Bliss For A Second Time-SML again taught at Fort Bliss, Texas on 5-7 August 2013. SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an i??Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial.
SML Teaches At Temple, Texas-September 3-5, 2013 saw SML teach the NHTSA compliant curriculum to officers from several different departments at the facilities of the Temple Police Department.
Considerable national and state law demands the probable cause for making a traffic stop for speeding is the officera€™s estimation that the target vehicle was speeding. The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radari?? Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone. SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial. The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. Field exercises mandated officers be able to estimate speeds of vehicles as many courts require i??the officer to establish a valid visual tracking history prior to substantiate their observation with a radar or laser gun reading. Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s action in a deadly pursuit. Students were also required to compute a speed field study to the 85th percentile using a speed display furnished by SML.A  Students recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles with no speed display present and then recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles when a speed display attached to a SML vehicle was used.
Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s actionA  in a deadly pursuit.A  The pursuit involved the use of police radar guns as well as established pursuit procedures.
The focus of the study is to determine if the ban has reduced accident i??and fatalities in school zones. When seat belt legislation was first passed it was viewed legally as a secondary offense meaning the officer could not make a traffic stop for the infraction. The Chicago Police Department presented a PowerPoint presentation of training and use of laser systems by the Department. The focus of the study is to determine if the ban has reduced accident and fatalities in school zones.A  TSU intends to use SMLa€™s long term study of cell phone use in school zones in Illinois, Colorado, and Texas completed in late 2009.


Both research projects will be combined for national publication in police and public safety publications.A  Analysis has been made in Mississippi, Alabama, and Colorado. The Annual Test will take place in El Paso on a test course SML has used for the past ten years. Both El Paso and Las Cruces enacted city-wide bans on hand held cell phone use while driving in early spring of 2010. Digital Ally has renamed the new entry Laser Ally.A  See Digital Allya€™s website for specifications and details about the new entry. The first publicationa€™s research titled, i??Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle. The Texas Legislature passed in their House Bill 1365, amended the Texas Transportation Code A§545.353(j), Section 25 and told authorities no environmental speed limits were to be allowed in Texas.
SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the i??93D Military Policei?? Battalion at the installation. Four categories i??are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points.
Graduates of the course are Certified to teach Operators and Master Instructors using the Law Enforcement Services LLC curriculum or those approved by SML. A new California law prohibits radar and laser equipment manufacturers from submitting bids on re-certification of their equipment. The first publicationa€™s research titled, Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle. SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the 93D Military Police Battalion at the installation. Four categories are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points.
The media report also found radar guns, tuning forks, and officers had not been re-certified per state directives, i.e. SMLa€™s role was to describe to the members the history of lasera€™s use by law enforcement, present a summary of legal cases from around the country on laser use by law enforcement, and a description of the scientific principles involved in laser assessment of speeds.
Las Cruces recently passed a ban on all hand held cell phone use in the city of 100,000.A  El Paso, Tx, some 45 miles away passed a similar ban by a city council vote of 5-3.
It further intends to use SMLa€™s research of compliance with the new law related to enforcement of the legislation.
Such a listing is necessary to compile reliable data on cell phone use before and after causation.
SML intends to expand the sample size to include New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona in the final analysis. By attaching speed displays to patrol units via a standard 2a€? trailer hitch, many objections of speed displays are eliminated.A  The use of radar trailers is cumbersome and requires a spot to set them up. The TruCam also features a built-in GPS module along with video capability.A  Other attempts have been made to mate a digital camera with laser guns. Officers will also be required to estimates speeds and distances of vehicles in the establishment of a valid visual tracking history.
Considerable research abounds from other state DOT and Federal authorities saying regardless of the posted speed limit, drivers drive the speed they feel safe and reasonable.
Although we give out an evaluation i??sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. A considerable effort was made to have students establish a Valid Visual Tracking History consistent with federal protocol and NHTSA recommendations. Once the defendant heard that the Prosecutora€™s Office was presenting an expert witness, he asked the Court for a continuance of the trial.
The four categories are class participation, presentation (graded by fellow students), field exercises, and final post instruction 100 question testing. A confirmation of the officers estimation is confirmed by the reading of the traffic radar or laser gun.
TCLOSE (Texas Commission on Law Officers Standards and Education) awards credit for attendance for such instruction using their number #2054. Although we give out an evaluation sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. Some 300 Sheriffs and staff from California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and Texas attended.
The suspect fled the scene although police had correctly used Code 3 procedures, and eluded officers resulting in a fatal crash.
The cell phone ban cities are using tint meters and laser guns that take pictures of offenders to help enforce local ordinances.A A  Cities using photo enforcement already have the legal judicial notice for such use. SML also presented to the members Illinois use and legislative approval of laser based photo systems used in Illinois work zones per the legislature approved law 625 ILCS 7-Automated Traffic Control Systems in Highway Construction and Maintenance Zones. Radar Signals replaces the newsletter Radar Waves.A  Radar Waves is updated every three months. With laser guns, SML recommended to the court a Daily Laser Verification Log be kept by all officers using laser guns for speed enforcement.A  This log contains daily checks of the laser gun before it is put into speed enforcement use and includes a Known Distance Test and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment test.
However, these attempts have been bulky and heavy.A  The TruCam gives police agencies evidence of speeding inA  a compact package easily used by one officer. All new laser guns can record speed and distance of a target vehicle through the windshield. Environmental Speed Limits were established in metropolitan areas of Texas by those entities desiring to comply with the Federal Clean Air Act. Students were required to bring with them to class the Instruction Manual of the radar or laser system they were using including tuning forks in the case of radar guns. He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun. Students were allowed to select the topic of their presentation The sponsoring department is allowed on free slot for each ten (10) students enrolled. The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE. He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun.A  The Instructora€™s Manuals of some radar guns contain proprietary data and may not be disseminated as is clearly stated on the opening pages of the Instruction Manual.
The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE.A  Reservations for the course are handled by SML with its phone number appearing the flyer. El Paso, TX and Las Cruces, NM have had great success in the reduction of hand held cell phones by drivers. SML has combined a listing of requirements from all fifty states on the training and re-certification of equipment including tuning forks. United States Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood in a meeting of 21 September 2010 alluded to a national ban on hand held cell phone use similar to national mandates of seat belt legislation.A  States were encouraged to enforcement such seat belt use legislation under the threat of withholding federal highway funds.
SML called for a standardized training program with strong recommendations on re-certification of tuning forks, radar and laser guns, and officers. Police laser guns are distance measuring devices first patented for police speed enforcement use by Laser Technologies Inc., LTI, in 1989.


All of these assessed work zones had different work zone speed limits ranging from 50 mph-60 mph.
A unique feature of the TruCam is DBC or Distance Between Cars.A  This feature automatically monitors a lead vehicle and trailing vehicle to report if the trailing vehicle is traveling too close to the lead vehicle resulting in a citation.
A third criteria will be the officers presenting to the class a thirty minute presentation for evaluation.
We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radar and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. They were also to bring with them to the class the re-certification documents of the radar guns and laser guns as is ask for in many radar and laser trials.i?? Students were required to conduct an 85th % study as part of the curriculum doing it manually. A concentrated effort was made with officers in estimating speeds and distances of vehicles on Interstate 35. We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radarA  and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. SML used the instructional manual of Understanding Police Traffic Radar And Laser, Library of Congress # 98-87615 with accompanying PowerPoint CD. Laser use by law enforcement is dramatically increasingly as it can pinpoint one vehicle in a group and now with inclement weather mode can be operated inside the vehicle through the windshield by officers. Unfortunately, the fleeing suspect died at the scene after a head on collision with an approaching vehicle. Senator John McCain.A  Training officers from the various departments were in attendance and sought SMLa€?s advice on NHTSA and state training requirements for the operation of police radar and laser guns. USDOT issued similar mandates to states when determining alcohol BAC levels of .08% for DUI enforcement. The first police laser was sold in 1991.A  Laser for laser enforcement has been with us longer than the internet. Females were twice as likely to be on their phones in both groups compared to male drivers.
All work zones were on interstate highways with speed limits ranging from 70 mph to 60 mph before and after the work zone speed limit. In many cases, they were on interstate highways with a posted speed limit of 75 mph and were posted at 60 mph.
One of the students was identified to use the Kustom ProLaser III with Kustoma€™s LaserStat computer program to show the students how quickly such a study could be conducted without manually entering the figures. Attending officers were required to present to the class a formal presentation on the topic of their choice which was graded by fellow class members. This report questioned all fifty state police training academies for particular requirements.A  NHTSA recommends training programs and standards to the states and local jurisdictions. Expect the federal government to issue similar notification to states regarding the use of handheld cell phone while driving. The first working laser was introduced by Theodore Maiman in 1960 and was immediately put into use by NASA measuring the distance from the earth to the moon and determining the speed of rotation of both celestial bodies.A  As a result of SMLa€™s testimony, all defendants were found guilty and the court issued judicial notice on all laser and radar speed enforcement system used by the departments.
SML reviewed research from various state DOTs and federal agencies all agreeing drivers drive the speed they feel a€?reasonable and prudenta€? regardless of the posted speed limit.
Of the total runs, only three times did the speeds of the three devices show the same speed.
These organizations thought merely posting the Environmental Speed Limits signs would mean compliance. The Military Police Battalion already has Kustom ProLaser III laser guns that can be used for such a study. One of the students operated the Kustom Laser Stat program with a Kustom ProLaser III attached.A  This was done to show students how they can conduct 85th% study using their existing equipment.
These recent and precedent setting court decisions are of great assistance to officers and prosecutors in assuring the court and the public that officers properly use and test speed measurement systems in speeding trials. It is not a matter of a€?ifa€? the federal government will issue such restrictions, but a€?whena€?.A  According to USDOT, Traffic Safety Facts, cell phone use and texting has now become the number #3 cause of accidents and fatalities in the county. SML is working with several manufacturers to have the display move showing approaching vehicle speeds under patent applied for provisions.
SML did notice in both El Paso and Las Cruces a greater number of drivers using hands free devices in making calls while driving.A  This research is to be nationally published and forwarded to Texas State University for review. A total sample size of 4,413 vehicles were assessed for their speed in work zones with a Kustom Signals Inc.
SML lookedi?? at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample.
Kustoma€™s LaserStat program is facilitated by the addition of a cord between the laser gun and the laptop computer. SML looked at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample. Other teaching engagements are scheduled for the remainder of 2013 with Fort Polk, LA and New Mexico departments.
Increasingly, citizens are challenging speeding tickets and requiring officers to make court appearances.A  The article provides departments and officers a step by step approach in preparing for such court appearances. Increasingly, Courts and the public are questioning not only training requirements of the officers but operation of the systems in accordance with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar or laser system.
ProLaser III tied to a laptop containing Kustoma€™s LaserStat program which automatically accumulates individual work zone speed limit compliance percentages.
Students were required to make a fifteen (15) minute presentation that was graded by other class members as a requirement for graduation. Texas Transportation Institute, University of Nebraska, and the University of Kansas as reported in other national studies. Research conducted by the Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A & M University in their published article Effect Of The Work Zone Double Fine Law In Texas found such restrictions as doubling speeding fines and signs had no effect on the average speed of drivers. Such a controlled field test has not been conducted since 1998 as directed by the New Jersey Superior Court, Judge Reginald Stanton in the Counta€™s attempt to issue judicial notice for Court acceptance of laser speed readings. Considerable time and money was and is spent on posting the speed limits that no one obeyed. Utilization of visual aids was highly recommended during the fifteen (15) minute student presentations.
Performance standards of radar and laser systems must comply with the following federal documents:A  DOT HS 809 812 for radar and DOT HS 809 811 for laser.
All of the military police students passed the NHTSA recommended curriculum which consists of twenty-four (24) hours of classroom instruction. One officer showed the correct use of tuning forks on the MPH Ranger EZ attached to his motor as he begins and end each shift. However, when we put a vehicle in front of them as they trailed the target vehicle by 500 feet, not one of the detectors alerted to laser.




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