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Published 01.09.2015 | Author : admin | Category : The Respect Principle Pdf

The study had been done to determine the extent of a flood risk in the southwest part of Hartington during a downpour rainfall of around six inches that has a chance of happening in a 100-year period for this area. The nursing home, assisted living facility, a mobile home park and other areas in Hartington would all be affected if the storm occurred. Currently water is draining down from 240 acres of land into a conduit tunnel at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Court Street.
A preliminary study showed two dams located on private property west of Highwy 57 currently act as the primary flood control for most of the 240-acre area.
Hubbard presented several options that would serve to control and manage the water flow along with the estimated costs. The report included improvements that would be made and paid for by the city but would be done on the ponds and land that are privately owned by former Hartington Mayor Bill Yates. Council members did not take action on the final flood control report a€“ the options and figures will be looked at and a decision will be made later. The worst weather skirted past Cedar County, but the area still recieved 2-4 inches of snow. Cedar County will be starting the process of looking for a new 911 system, according to Emergency Management Director Kevin Garvin.
Elected Officials are required to complete NIMS training which can be done on line or in a classroom.
NIMS includes planning and preparing for tornadoes, winter storms, earthquakes, floods, fires, terrorism along with other hazards. According to Garvin, in order for Cedar County to remain in compliance with the terms of previous federal grants, which include homeland security and roads, and to be in compliance to receive future grants, elected officials as well as the first responders must take the NIMS training.
Garvin has been gathering information for an application for a Hazardous Mitigation grant that would be used to make improvements on the outdoor warning systems used in the county. In other business, Chairman Marlen Kraemer put his name on an application for a grant from the Crime Commission. Cedar County is looking at receiving a little over $19,000 a€“ the county would be required to supply close to $7,500 in matching funds for the grant.
Having a One and Six Year Plan in place is a state requirement and is needed in order to receive state and federal funding.
Area Agency on Aging helps fund the meals provided at senior citizen centers and through their Meals On Wheels programs.
According to a report, Hartington had served 4,798 meals for the period of July-December 2010: Randolpha€™s facility was used even more as they provided 5,228 meals. Keith DeJong, from Eisenbraun and Associates of Yankton, went over the One-and- Six-Year Street Plan with Council members at the Jan. Westfield Acres and the Nordby Addition are included in the proposed Street Plan, according to DeJong. Letters will be sent out to all of the downtown businesses inviting them to attend the meeting on the Downtown Revitalization Project.
In other action, subscribers to the local cable TV system will see a jump in fees starting March 1, the Council was told. A maintainer owned by the city backed into a city truck when snow was being removed from city streets during one of the recent snow storms, according to Mayor Brad Peitz. Peitz had checked on the insurance and found there would be no coverage on damages done to the 1979 dump truck.
Council members talked about purchasing an additional truck for the city a€“ prices will be looked at before the figures are put together for the next budget. Sidewalks that will be constructed to provide a walking path connecting the Community Complex to the Westfield Acres were discussed.
An advertisement will be placed in the Cedar County News to sell a tractor and loader.A minimum bid will be established after more information is gathered. Wynot was led by Devin Wieseler with 16 points and six assists and Nathan Wieseler with a double-double of 13 points and 11 rebounds. Walthilla€™s Kyle Grant provided most of the Blue Jay offense and took scoring honors for the game with 20 points.
Walthilla€™s Kyle Grant scored 14 first quarter points as the Blue Jays hung tough in the early going. Wynot opened the game with a balanced attack with eight points from Chad Boeckman and four points from Devin Wieseler and a Chris Schmidt three-pointer from the left corner.
The Blue Devil defense clamped down on the Blue Jay offense in the second quarter, holding them to only a pair of field goals. The two teams traded baskets in the final quarter with Kyle Grant knocking down another six points for the Blue Jays.
Wynot answered with five points each by Nathan Wieseler and Jackson Sudbeck and finished the game with a 19-14 run to make the final 81-41.
The Blue Devils were lead by Devin Wieseler with 16 points and Michael Wieseler with 13 points. Michael Wieseler hit a trey early in the first quarter but scoring was hard to come by for both teams. Chris Heiser would hit a trey for the Eagles in the second quarter but a trey and five points by Devin Wieseler and a pair of offensive put backs by Cody Stappert and Chad Boeckman would help Wynot ease out to a 21-11 halftime lead. Devin Wieseler would hit a second three pointer in the fourth quarter and added 7 more points to his totals. The Lady Devils opened the game with a 21-1 blitzing of the Lady Eagles and finished off the final quarter on a 22-5 run to dominate the game from beginning to end. Wynot featured a balanced attack getting scoring from most of their personnel led by Shelby Wieseler with 10 points and Maggie Schulte with nine points. Wynot got a Shelby Wieseler three-pointer to open the game and helped by four points from Ashley Heine and tough full-court pressure, they opened a big 21-1 first quarter lead.
Makoela HolzA  hit a trey for Lynch and McKenna Rossmeier hit a pair of fieldgoals in the second quarter for the Lady Eagles. Wynot responded with treys by Kattie Savoy and Ashley Heine and four points by Kelsie Higgins and Bailey Kuchta to increase their lead to 36-10 at the half. Two long aerial bombs by Shelby Wieseler and four points inside by Maggie Schulte fueled a 15-8 scoring advantage for the Lady Blue Devils as they pushed their lead to 51-18 at the end of the third quarter. Britney Heine drained a long-range three to open the fourth quarter and then the reserves took over for Wynot. Erica Burbach hit a trey and a regular fieldgoal and seven other players contributed baskets to the outburst and Wynot earned the big 73-23 win. The Lady Indians were able to climb back into the game in the second frame, earning an 18-13 scoring advantage, thanks to a stiff defense. Poncaa€™s aggressive style forced Cedar to make an uncharacteristic number of turnovers in the contest a€” 19. Despite being in foul trouble most of the night, Dana Dickes still managed to post another double-double, hitting for 12 points and yanking down 11 rebounds. Cedar is the top seed in the tourney and is slated to play eighth-seeded Madison in first-round action. The Lady Wildcats traveled outside the conference to take on an opponent from the NENAC conference Tuesday. The Lady Cats had a battle as it took overtime before they were able to come away with the 43-41 victory. Hartington would fall behind at the half, but fought to get back into the game in the third quarter before going on a big 16-8 fourth-quarter rally to tie the game and send it into the extra period. Hartington was led by Becca Heikes with 10 points and got nine points each from Taylor Dybdal, and Michaela Dendinger.
Taylor Dybdal had a pair of fieldgoals in close for Hartington in the first quarter but Plainviewa€™s Sara Kruger lit up the nets for nine points to lead her team to an 11-7 early lead. The Lady Cats would claw their way back in the third quarter as they tightened up the defense and got seven points from Michaela Dendinger and fieldgoals and free throws by Taylor Dybdal sparked an 11-5 run. Hartington jumped out to an early lead Friday as they took on Winside in a battle of Wildcats only to see their lead disappear in the second half as they were beaten in Lewis and Clark action, 42-36.
Winside would go 20-29 from the charity stripe while Hartington was able to connect on 11-20 freethrows for the game.
Hartingon was led offensively by Becca Heikes with eight points and Rebecca Fischer with seven points. Hartington would get four points by Taylor Dybdal and a three-pointer from Sofi Olsen to get them off to 12-3 first-quarter start. Three points by Becca Heikes and a Rebecca Fischer fieldgoal kept the Purple Cats in the lead 19-12 at the half. Winside mounted a comeback in the final minutes of the fourth quarter doing most of the damage from the freethrow line as they went 12-18 from the line to steal away the 41-34 win. The Ponca Indians defeated the Hartington Lady Wildcats for the second time this year on Saturday night. Hartington was lead by Kassydi Jueden with nine points and 11 rebounds and Taylor Dybdal with eight points and five boards. Ponca got balanced scoring lead by Megan Pollard with 12 points, Korah Kramper and Beth Finnegan each with eight points while Jordan Perkins contributed seven points to the Lady Indians offense. Hartington got three points from Becca Heikes and fieldgoals by Kassydi Jueden and Kristie Jueden in the second quarter. Hartington would get four more points by Taylor Dybdal and Kassydi Jueden in the third quarter but there was no slowing down the Lady Indians.
Three points each from Kayla Beacom and Beth Finnegan finished off the game with Ponca advancing to the second round. The Ponca game featured an impressive defensive effort from Coach Matt Steffena€™s Cedar team. Cedar cruised to a big 15-3 first-quarter lead and outscored Ponca 14-5 in the second frame to take a 29- lead into the locker room.
The Indians earned a 10-8 scoring advantage in the third quarter and outscored Cedar 13-5 in the final frame. Cedar held the lead against the Red Raiders until midway through the third quarter when the home team grabbed the momentum. Cedar raced out to a 20-16 first-quarter lead, then outscored the Red Raiders 12-11 to take a 32-27 lead into the locker room.
The Raiders started the second half on a roll, erasing the five-point deficit and then earning a 16-8 scoring advantage to take a 43-40 lead into the final frame. Cedara€™s offense was paced by seniors Andy Moser and Riley Noecker with 15 and 14 points each. Active Pallbearers were Kody Urwiler, Randy Surber, Larry Lueders, Brandi Settje, Kevin Kay and Greg Urwiler. He enjoyed doing jigsaw puzzles, fixing things, cars, going to the river, out to eat, and shopping. Wynelle was born June 8, 1921, at Mangum, Okla., to Andrew and Gertrude (Perkins) Mayfield.
Pallbearers were her grandsons, Jason Huff, Christopher Huff, Cody Huff, Kyle Huff, Bradley Huwaldt and Jefferey Hartman. Honorary pallbearers were granddaughters Marla Huff Huwaldt, Molly Huff Hartman, Katherine Huff, Tamera Huff, Marsha Huff and Cassandra Huff.
Verna was born April 16, 1924, at McLean, the daughter of Fred and Decil (Swanson) Kraemaer. You could always find Phyllis tending to the needs of small children and especially babies. The Hartington-based publication is printed in Hartington, but the printing crew drives up every week from the Northeast Nebraska News Company Print Center in Osmond. The presses were rolling in Hartington Wednesday morning, however, and the print edition was expected to be in local mailboxes Wednesday afternoon. NORFOLK a€” West Point Central Catholic proved Saturday just how difficult it is to beat a good team twice. This marks the second year in a row West Point CC has kept the Lady Trojans from claiming the championship hardware. HARTINGTON a€” The Hartington Chamber of Commerce has rescheduled its February meeting for Tuesday night at the Main Street Bar dining room. One of the stars on the popular reality television seriesA  a€?Jersey Shorea€? has entered into an agreement to help promote a downtown Hartington business. Nicole a€?Snookia€? Polizzi from the a€?Jersey Shorea€? TV show has signed a license agreement with Comfy Feet, which is owned and operated by Keith Eickhoff.


It all began when Snooki appeared on the a€?Jersey Shorea€? TV show wearing a pair of pink Comfy Feet slippers. In a short time, Keith noticed a surge of sales for the pink and white over-sized slippers. Comfy Feet, which is based out of the old Orwig Ford building in downtown Hartington,A  is developing a Snooki line of slippers that will include nine to ten designs.
Ryan Eickhoff, Keitha€™s son, has designed the first five slippers for the line a€” neon slippers that come in green, lavender and pink, along with slippers in a leopard and zebra design. A website has been developed for the Snooki Slippers and plans are being put in place to market the line nationally. He will be exhibiting the Comfy Feet slippers at a booth in Las Vegas and Snooki will be at the booth signing autographs for people. Keith recognized an opportunity and mailed Snooki a couple more pair of Comfy Feet slippers. A contact was made with her agent and Snooki has signed a contract to promote the slippers. The building on Broadway Street, which at one time housed the Orwig Ford garage and office space, is now overflowing with Comfy Feet slippers. Nearly 200,000 pairs of slippers are sold annually by the Hartington business that distributes the comfy house slippers. Comfy Feet has the slippers manufactured overseas and then distributes the slippers to specialty shops around the country where they are sold. Walgreena€™s and many sports apparel stores, such as Pro Image, along with JJ Benjia€™s in Hartington stock the slippers. The slippers appear in mail order catalogues, can be purchased from on-line stores and an order can be placed on-line at Hartingtona€™s Comfy Feet web site. The slippers come in a choice of college and professional sports team logos along with a line of a€?animala€? slippers a€“ and now the Snooki slippers have been added. Comfy Feet has three full-time employees plus several temporary full-time workers who are employed during the Christmas season. He was doing screen printing and embroidery work when he ran across the slippers at a trade show. He worked with both at first but within a short time he sold the screen printing and embroidery business to Jeff Benjamin and went full time with Comfy Feet slippers. In addition to the Snooki slippers, Comfy Feet has recently signed an agreement to produce a line of slippers for the a€?Animal Planeta€? TV show.
His son Brandon is managing the business, located just west of Hartington on Hwy 84, that distributes comforters and bed sheet sets that have sports logos.
The sub-contractor doing the construction on the water mains, sanitary sewer and storm sewer will be Plumbing and Electric, Hartington, and Hartington Concrete will supply the concrete for the street paving. A walking path will be built along the north side of the Community Complex fence, which will allow people to access the Complex from the new subdivision. The target date for completion of all the infrastructure work is scheduled for late August of this year and the lots will be seeded in grass shortly thereafter. According to the Abilene Texas Reporter News newspaper, Burcham landed on his head during the rodeo and the horse then stepped on him. Stovetop Pulled Tandoori Chicken- Moist, flavourful and juicy pulled chicken made over the stovetop and ready in 20 MINUTES- No need for a slow cooker!
The purpose of this page is to detail the Atom trapping and Cooling experiments being conducted at Manchester. The new apparatus which has been developed is aimed at providing a high density source of atoms for several different experiments in cold atoms.
In these experiments, new types of collision processes are to be studied, including electron collisions from cold atoms, BEC's and from slow atomic beams. The Cold Atom Facility which has been developed in Manchester is a bright source of cold atoms, and is shown in Figure 1. Atoms emitted from the source can be laser collimated in the second stage of the experiment, which consists of a 6-way 200mm 316LN cross attached to the source chamber.
Laser collimation can be accomplished either using an optical molasses, through a 2D MOT or by exploiting the transverse momentum transferred to the atomic beam as it traverses this region using angled mirrors.
Atoms from the collimated source that enter the Zeeman slower (figure 5) are longitudinally cooled and compressed in phase space using a blue detuned laser which passes along the axis of the Zeeman slower.
The design of the apparatus in Manchester allows atoms to be cooled, trapped and accumulated very rapidly from the source, which operates continuously. It has been demonstrated that the trap density reaches saturation (where no more atoms can be trapped due to radiation trapping and other restrictions) within 1 second.
The MOT1 chamber has been designed with numerous CF-70 ports to allow additional experiments to be connected to the chamber. Since the ratio of accumulation time to trapping time is 400:1, the apparatus will be able to continuously load different cold atom experiments from the main source while maintaining the maximum trapping density which can be achieved in each of these experiments.
One of the goals in the design of this apparatus was to produce a well-collimated beam of atoms from the atomic beam source prior to laser collimation (see figure 1). There are several different types of atomic beam oven that can be used in these types of experiments, ranging from a simple crucible that directs atoms through a hypodermic needle (and hence produces a beam that is quite divergent) through capillary array sources (which are unsuitable for metal vapour targets as needed here), on through passively collimated sources as is used in Manchester for super-elastic scattering experiments from calcium and finally on to the most sophisticated (and most complex) sources which use a recirculating arrangement for collimation and recycling of the material under study. Recirculating oven sources have several advantages over other sources (if they are suitable). Firstly, since the source only produces atoms which enter the atomic beam, there is very little waste of material.
As an example, the potassium source used in these cold atom experiments in Manchester has been operating for over 2 years without the need to refill the crucible. Secondly, the use of a condensation chamber surrounding the emitting nozzle means that vapour from the oven is re-condensed onto the inner walls of this chamber, to be fed back to the crucible. Figure 2 shows the recirculating oven that has been designed and commissioned in Manchester. The condensation chamber is held at a temperature ~340K so that the potassium on the walls is in a liquid form. Potassium vapour that is directed through the output aperture of the condensation chamber becomes the atomic beam which is used in the experiments. Close control of the recirculating oven temperature is achieved by using several constant current supplies which feed the tungsten heaters as shown in figure 2.
Although not yet tested with Rb, it is fully expected that this atomic beam oven can be used with equal success using Rubidium (melting temperature 312K) as the chosen source.
Rubidium will be used for the production of Bose Einstein Condensates (BEC's) and for other experiments in the near future.
Details of this recirculating beam source are currently being written as a paper for submission to an appropriate journal.
Following laser collimation using an optical molasses (figure 1), the atomic beam enters the Zeeman slower. The effective way to slow atoms down using lasers is to adopt the process of laser cooling where the spontaneous emission process is used as a mechanism to provide a dissipative force. An atom initially travelling with momentum pA = MAv is subjected to laser radiation directed in the opposite direction, where MA is the mass of the atom and v is the velocity of the atom. Since linear momentum must be conserved, absorption of a photon from the field means that the atom must slow down.
Firstly it is possible for a second photon from the laser field to stimulate the atom to decay back to the ground state.
Secondly, the atom may relax back to the ground state spontaneously (spontaneous emission process). IF the photon is emitted in the same direction as the incident photon, then the momentum of the atom will return back to it's initial value prior to the interaction pA = MAv, and so the atom velocity does not change.
By repeating this process many thousands of times, the atoms will slow down until they are stopped. The process of compression of the velocity distribution occurs since atoms with different velocities will only come into resonance with the laser beam at certain times during the cycling process. The method adopted here changes the internal states of the atoms by application of a magnetic field, which perturbs the atomic transitions which are coupled together by the laser radiation field. Figure 4 shows the type of magnetic field that is required to ensure the atoms can be effectively slowed and cooled. Figure 5 and figure 1 shows Zeeman slower that has been designed for the experiments in Manchester.
3,500m of rectangular section aluminium wire is used to provide the field, wound onto the flight tube as 5 individual coils.
These coils are operated by 5 x 20A constant current supplies whose current can be tailored so as to produce the required field profile along the flight tube.
Four additional coils are located at the exit of the Zeeman slower which disrupt the field so as to release atoms into the MOT chamber.
The Zeeman slower dissipates ~5,000W when operated at full current, and cooling of the slower is implemented by the external copper coils and by an internal water jacket next to the flight tube. Six laser beams of appropriate polarization are directed at the centre of the coils (the trapping region) which act as an OPTICAL MOLASSES to the atoms which enter this region, as shown in Figure 7. The laser interaction acts as the velocity dependent frictional force that slows the atoms down, in the same way as inside the Zeeman Slower.
Since the molasses component is velocity dependent, as the atoms slow down they will gradually stop moving (within these approximations).
The magnetic field from the anti-Helmholtz coils in combination with the laser beams ensures that the force acting on the atoms also has a restoring component that drives the atoms back to the centre of the trapping region (this force depends on the distance from the centre of the trap). Since the restoring component is distance dependent, atoms subjected to this component will perform simple Harmonic motion (within these approximations). This does not happen, as the atoms may still absorb and emit photons from the laser field, leading to a minimum velocity that is given by the recoil momentum of the atoms undergoing these absorption and emission processes (the quantum limit).
For potassium atoms in the experiment in Manchester, the temperature of the atoms in the trap has been measured to be ~250 micro-Kelvin.
The success of the apparatus in producing a bright rapidly accumulating source of cold atoms means that new experiments now become possible. The first experiments to be attempted will scatter low energy electrons from the cold atoms either produced from the Zeeman slower, or inside the MOT. For these experiments, a pulsed electron gun has been constructed and installed in the AC-MOT chamber to produce a low energy electron beam of up to 10 microamps current at energies from 2eV to 100eV.
Electrons from this source are directed at the trapped or slow atoms, so that they are ionized by the electron collision as shown in figure 11.
In this case, momentum of incident electron beam is known, as is momentum of cooled or trapped atoms. By measuring the recoiling ions, it is then possible to measure differential cross sections for ionization of these cold targets over the complete scattering geometry as shown in Figure 12.
The graph shows the momentum which is transferred from the electron to the ionized potassium target as a function of the momentum of the neutral target, where both outgoing electrons are scattered symmetrically wrt the incident beam direction. By detecting one electron in coincidence with the ion momentum, it is possible to completely determine the cross section for all scattering geometries. This technique is also used in COLTRIMS experiments which exploit supersonically prepared target atoms, however by using cold atoms the sensitivity of the technique is enhanced many times. Further, since the momentum of the initial target can be controlled by the Zeeman slower, it is possible to take sensitive measurements at different angles so as to ensure accuracy in the data. Other experiments being considered include super-elastic scattering of electrons from trapped atoms, study of interaction of electrons with BEC's, and interaction of fermions with ultra-cold ensembles. Watch this space for new results and developments in these collision experiments, including details of the AC-MOT!
The Cold Atom Facility developed in Manchester has potential to deliver a high density of cold atoms to different experiments so as to allow multiple experiments to be performed from the one source. This page describes the atom trapping and cooling experiments being conducted in Manchester.
To see our content at its best we recommend upgrading if you wish to continue using IE or using another browser such as Firefox, Safari or Google Chrome. Manchester United may have made a slower start to their return to the Champions League than they might have hoped but they have the perfect man at their helm to turn things around.
The United boss has taken charge of more games than any other manager who gets close to a 60 per cent win ratio.
The objective of the study was to determine what could be done to contain the water upstream.


That, accompanied by 40-mile an hour wind gusts and below-zero temperatures forced area schools to dismiss early Monday and to call off school all together on Tuesday.
We are passing on some of the cost a€“ we will not even be covering our increase for programming,a€? Dendinger said. Chris Schmidt would chip in with 12 points and eight boards, while Chad Boeckman had a solid night in the post and finished with 10 points. Devin Wieseler would erupt for six points and four points each by Austin Wieseler and Jackson Sudbeck helped the Blue Devils build a 41-20 halftime advantage.
Four points each by Chris Schmidt and Devin Wieseler and a Randin Rawlings three pointer fueled another big 21-7 run that broke the game open as Wynot led 62-27. Terrence Heiser would hit apair of fieldgoals for Lynch and Micheal Wieseler connected on a trio of regular fieldgoals for Wynot as the Blue Devils maintained the 31-17 advantage after three quarters.
Sophmore Nathan Wieseler came off the bench and used his size to score twice inside as the Blue Devils finished off the Eagles 44-23.
Bailey Kuchta, Ashley Heine and Kelsie Higgins contributed eight points each to Wynota€™s offense.
The Lady Trojans earned a 41-22 rebounding advantage, including 75 percent of all defensive rebounds.
Katelyn Dickes and Kendra Lammers also hit for double figures with 11 and 10, respectively. The schedule will depend on the weather, however, as Mondaya€™s game had to be moved due to s wind and snow storm and school was cancelled here Tuesday.
Randolpha€™s Brittany White led all scorers with 15 points and Sara Kruger contributed nine points to the Lady Pirates offensive totals. Hartington answered with four points each from Megan Wolfe, Kassydi Jueden and Becca Heikes but still trailed by three points. Winside got double figures from Megan Leicy with 13 points and Shelby Liebermann just missed with her nine-point effort. They started with a 13-7 run in the third quarter fueled, by five points from Shelby Liebermann and four points by Nazya Theis as they cut the Wildcats in Purple lead to one points at 26-25. This time it was in the first round of Lewis and Clark Conference Tournament as the Lady Indians dominated the game and advanced with the 65-35 win. Ponca got a three pointer from Korah Kramper and four points each from Megan Pollard and Lindsay Schnoor to race out to an 18-8 first quarter lead. Ponca continued their hot hand however, lead by four more points by Pollard and three points from Kayla Beacom they rolled to an big 33-16 halftime lead. Rylee Rich hit a trio of fieldgoals and four points by Jordan Perkins fueled another 18-point outburst to push Poncaa€™s lead to a commanding 51-25 advantage. 1, 1969.A  He married Karen Olson July 1, 1972, at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Rock Rapids, Iowa. Larry enjoyed family time, especially his grandsons, nieces, and nephews.A  He was always ready to give a helping hand. 4, 1912, in Fordyce, the oldest of seven children of John and Catherine (DeVries) Buschelman. She attended Pierce county rural schools near McLean and graduated from McLean High School in 1942. Albert Catholic Church, Albertville, where she volunteered in many of the church programs, including CCD, mission sewing, and baking for Caring and Sharing Hands. Francis Catholic Church, Angus Association, American Legion Post 172, and the Rural Fire Department. He enjoyed attending his kidsa€™ activities and later on, his grandkidsa€™ activities as well.
The apparatus produces a bright, cold atom source which competes with the best in the world for speed of accumulation of cold atoms into a Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT), and for the lifetime of atoms that are subsequently cooled and trapped. These experiments will exploit the momentum transferred in the collision process to ascertain new information about the target interactions, and to study collisions with cold and ultra-cold targets for the first time. The apparatus consists of a recirculating oven source, which produces a quasi-collimated beam of atoms into the laser collimation stage.
The cold atom facility that has been developed at Manchester, showing the various components of the apparatus and the laser beams which are used to cool and trap the atoms emitted from the source.
Large windows are attached to the cross to allow the collimating laser beams to enter this region. In the present setup, optical molasses has been used to increase the collimation of the atomic beam prior to the Zeeman slower.
The aim of this design is to facilitate rapid trapping of the cold atoms, then transfer of these cold atoms to different experiments that are connected to the MOT1 chamber via these ports. In this way, experiments which have low cross sections (such as collisions experiments with electrons, neutrals or ions) will be possible in the near future.
By ensuring this criteria is met, the vacuum chambers are far less polluted by unwanted atoms that are emitted from the source.
This means that the source can be operated for very long periods of time without the need to refill the crucible. The physical size of the condensation crucible and the output aperture then defines the collimation of the atomic beam that exits and therefore becomes the emerging atomic beam.
The crucible is loaded with potassium (melting temperature ~337K) and the temperature of different components of the source are closely controlled. Surface tension ensures that the liquid potassium runs down the walls of the condensation chamber and is gravity fed back to the crucible (which operates at a temperature of ~650K). The temperature of the condensation chamber is accurately controlled by passing a heated high temperature silicon oil through a sealed chamber within the walls of the chamber as shown. Since atoms emerging from the oven have a wide range of different velocities (as dictated by the Maxwell Boltzmann distribution), it is necessary to slow these atoms down so that they can be captured by the MOT.
The laser frequency (wavelength) is set to be resonant with the atomic transition so that there is a high probability of absorption of a photon from the laser field by the atom, which is then promoted to an excited state. In this case (stimulated emission process) the photon from the atom emerges in the same direction as the photon in the laser field.
In this case, the atom has no 'memory' of how it was excited, and so does not know the direction of the incident photon. By ensuring that either the laser frequency or the atomic transition frequency is time (or space) dependent, compression can occur. One method that is used is to 'chirp' the slowing laser beam (figure 1) so that as the atoms slow down they remain in resonance with the laser beam.
As the atoms slow down, the magnetic field is then adjusted so that the atoms remain in resonance with the laser beam (or they will Doppler shift out of resonance).
A set of 'disruption coils' are used at the exit of the slower to ensure atoms can escape into the MOT chamber.
Picture of the Zeeman slower shown with the cooling coils surrounding the current carrying coils.
Inside this chamber is a twin set of coils setup to produce zero field at the centre of the coils (anti-Helmholtz configuration), as shown in figure 6. Movie of the atoms being trapped in the MOT from the Zeeman slower (first successful trapping with an accumulation time ~1sec, and aA  lifetime ~10 seconds).
Collisional ionization of atoms from the Zeeman slower or within the MOT trap, showing the setup of the experiment which detects the recoiling ions from the interaction. The collision for ionization of cold atoms from Zeeman slower and those trapped in the MOT.
The incident energy is 30eV, and the curves show the effect of the ionization process on the final ion momenta (velocity and angle) as a function of the scattering angle. These experiments may be far ranging, depending on the apparatus that is connected to the source. Only one manager in Jupp Heynckes can boast a better Champions League record than the Dutchman. Real Madrid manager Rafa Benitez has managed an equal number of Champions League games, with 91, but has six fewer wins to his name.
Wynot senior guard Britney Heine would play her final home game for the Lady Blue Devils and finished with a seven-point effort.
Tracy Peitz also posted a solid game, hitting for nine points and dishing out seven assists. Myranda Fischer would take care of that deficit as she drained a long range three pointer to tie the game at 39-39 and send it into overtime. He was also a great cook, enjoyed his dogs, gardening, traveling, and watching birds, especially cardinals and hummingbirds. Her other hobbies included doing crafts, sewing, gardening, and baking those wonderful soft, chewy, chocolate chip cookies. That loss proved to be solid motivation for the Lady Jays, who played tenacious defense to defeat Cedar 45-28 in Saturday nighta€™s MidState Conference title game. Come join me and my (healthy!) sweet tooth on a ride where dessert for breakfast is standard! Initial collimation of the atomic beam is achieved in the recirculating oven source through the use of small apertures as is shown in figure 2. In this way, atoms accumulated in MOT1 can be transferred to several different experiments where they can be recaptured for further study, or experiments can be directly conducted on the trapped atoms in MOT1.
Since no atoms are emitted apart from those in the atomic beam, contamination of the vacuum chamber is virtually eliminated.
In this way, atoms are emitted from the nozzle into the condensation chamber, where they are re-condensed onto the walls of this chamber. In this way, the complex temperature conditions which are essential for correct operation of this source can be maintained. Further, it is important to also compress the velocity distribution of these atoms so that they have a much narrower distribution at the exit of the slowing tube. In this case, the momentum of the atom will return back to its original value pA, and there is NO slowing of the atom by the laser beam.
Carlo Ancelotti is the only manager in the top 10 who has been in charge of over 100 matches, with his win rate at 54.6 per cent.
In the first experiments using this Facility, potassium atoms have been cooled and trapped. Once the atoms enter MOT1, they experience frictional force due to the laser interaction and a restoring force due to the magnetic field, so that they rapidly cool to a temperature ~250 micro-Kelvin around the centre of the trap. Geraldine attended Sacred Heart Elementary Catholic School, Yankton, and graduated from Mount Marty High School in 1946. The couple settled on the Kirscht family farm in Ostego Township, Wright County, Albertville, Minn.
A year later, he was joined by Millie Willenbring, Constance, and they were married in 1938, at Ventura, Calif. She later moved to Omaha and worked for Mutual of Omaha for a few years and then moved back to Yankton, and worked at Sacred Heart Hospital as a receptionist until her marriage. They moved throughout central and southern California and in 1950 settled in Santa Monica and raised their five children. Kevin and Barbara began their lives together in Norfolk where Kevin worked for Central States Theater Corporation.
Michael-Albertville School District for several years where she helped transport disabled students. In January of 2005, Wynelle came to Owasso and was currently residing at the Evergreen Care Center.
Prior to that game his 61 per cent win rate was in fact higher than that of Louis van Gaal. Then in 1992, they moved to Camanche, Iowa, and Kevin oversaw building and managed the new Cinema 8 Theaters, Clinton, Iowa. Verna enjoyed gardening, flowers, sewing and needlework, bird watching and spending time with her sons, grandchildren and friends.
He worked with his dad farming in Belden and then advanced his farming opportunities by moving to Neligh in 1978.



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