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Published 06.10.2013 | Author : admin | Category : Women Need Men

BoA is a Korean artist under SM Entertainment in Korea, she was the Korean Famous Boy Band Super Junior’s senior.
On 31 December 2008, BoA has made it to the 15th place on the Hot Dance Club Play Billboard Charts! Many are expecting BoA’s song to make it to the top ten list so let’s support BoA till the top! According to BoA’s agents at SM Entertainment, US netizens commented that her song was addictive and makes people want to dance.
Even Variety, a US entertainment magazine, wrote an article about BoA and her debut, referring to her as one of the best female artists in Asia. The American entertainment magazine Variety reported in its latest edition that Korean pop artist BoA made her debut in the United States. It is a daguerrotype, the first commercially successful way of producing permanent images with a camera, which involved fixing the picture on a copper plate. 1906: Availability of panchromatic black and white film and therefore high quality color separation color photography. G+ #Read of the Day: The Daguerreotype - The daguerreotype, an early form of photograph, was invented by Louis Daguerre in the early 19th c. The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. DAVAO CITY— Presumptive President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday said he was saddened by the death of five concertgoers in a Pasay City concert on early Sunday morning. On Sunday, at least five people, including an American national, died after they collapsed on the concert grounds at the open parking area of a mall in Pasay City.
Initial investigation showed the fatalities were under the influence of alcohol when brought to hospitals for treatment. Quoting news reports, Duterte said “there is nothing definitive” that there was a foul play.
Since he is not yet officially proclaimed as president, he said he could only give his thoughts on the incident.
He said the Pasay police have the jurisdiction over the incident but he said that the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) could help if drugs were indeed involved. He said that drugs are given (pinagpapasapasahan) like candies during music concerts or outdoor dance parties.
While he said that the government could not prevent people to assemble, he said strict regulation is very important.
In cases like this, he said he would “scatter government security to smell around and arrest immediately” people who are suspected of using illegal drugs. DAVAO CITY—Presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte said on Monday that he favors the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand E.
In a press briefing here, Duterte said that he will accede to the burial of the late strongman at the Libingan ng mga Bayani because he is a former soldier. Since he was campaigning for the presidency, Duterte has expressed his approval to bury Marcos in the said burial grounds.
Asked for his reaction on the perceived backlash of his decision, the incoming President believes that he has at least addressed one of the issues that divided the country. DAVAO CITY – Incoming President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday said he would release all political prisoners once peace talks with the rebels start.
The presumptive President-elect said he would grant amnesty and pardon to all political prisoners in the country. DAVAO CITY– Presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte said that he believes that former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo should be released because there is no good case against her. However, Duterte said that the former chief executive and now reelected Pampanga representative refused his offer. With Arroyo’s refusal, the tough-talking President-in-waiting said that he urged her to apply for bail. In the campaign trail, Duterte has repeatedly said that he wants Arroyo to be freed from her hospital arrest. LIBERAL Party member and former Tandag City mayor Elizabeth Delgado-Ty on Monday took oath as Surigao del Sur representative with only a month to serve before the 16th Congress ends on June 30. In a privilege speech, Delgado-Ty expressed gratitude to the Supreme Court for siding on her cause against Pichay.
The case stemmed from the disqualification sought by Delgado-Ty who argued that Pichay was ineligible to run in the 2013 elections because the latter was convicted of libel, which involved moral turpitude. The Supreme Court reversed the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal decision which favored Pichay.
Pichay was president of Carlo Publishing House Inc., a publisher of a local tabloid, when he sued for and convicted of libel.
Papin filed her protest before the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal and asked for a manual recount, including the manual revision and even the count of the rejected ballots. Papin asked the tribunal for a recount to annul and set aside Fuentebella’s proclamation and declare her as the duly elected representative of Camarines Sur. Papin also asked the tribunal to secure the ballot boxes, the list of voters and voting records, the books of voters, and other documents and paraphernalia, as well as the automated election equipment and records, such as data storage devices. She also asked the tribunal to direct the ballot boxes containing the ballots and keys, copies of election returns, list of voters with voting records and other documents or paraphernalia to be brought to the tribunal. Halili is not only continuing his “shame campaign” against drugs, he has also repackaged it into what is now called “Flores de Pusher,” based on the annual “Flores de Mayo” festivities. The city’s official Facebook page even posted on Monday a video and photos of the event, which featured 11 suspected drug pushers being paraded around Tanauan with the words “Ako’y pusher wag tularan (I am a drug pusher, do not follow my example)” on their shirts. Last week, Halili told Radyo Inquirer 990AM that his “shame campaign” is effective and that the Commission on Human Rights is wrong in questioning his crusade. The city’s official Facebook Page also shared photos from the event and of the confiscated drug paraphernalia. THE OPEN-AIR concert featured international DJs and drew an estimated 14,000 party-goers at a Pasay City mall.
TWO of the victims that attended the Closeup Forever Summer Concert during the weekend died of massive heart attack, the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) said Monday.
NBI has conducted an autopsy on two of the five victims—Lance Garcia, 36, and Bianca Fontejon, 18.
NBI Chemical Forensics Division Executive Officer Felicisima Francisco said Garcia and Fontejon suffered extreme high blood pressure that caused heart ruptures. She added that they are still completing their examination on submitted specimens to determine if the victims have taken illegal drugs,  noting that there are indications in the victims’ blood. The NBI’s Anti-Illegal Drugs Division and the Death Investigation Division are conducting a parallel investigation on the incident.
Meanwhile,  a source who asked for anonymity, citing the lack of authority to speak to media, said that some of the victims may have taken a mixture of drugs, one of them ecstasy.
There were reports on social media that the five died after ingesting drug-laced drinks but the police said it was too early to jump to this conclusion. Garin, however, said that the symptoms exhibited by the victims before death, including difficulty in breathing, palpitations, loss of consciousness and heart attack, were more indicative of the use of dangerous substances than heat stroke. In the wake of the incident, Garin reminded young people to exercise extreme caution when partying and to refuse drinks from strangers. Meanwhile, the Philippine National Police clarified that its men are usually tasked to guard the perimeters or the outside areas of privately organized concerts and similar events. The five victims, who did not appear to know each other, collapsed during the “CloseUp Forever Summer” outdoor concert held at the SM Mall of Asia grounds on Saturday night. Senate President Franklin Drilon said he was unfazed by the posturing of some of his colleagues, who want to take his post, calling it a “natural episode” every time a new Congress opens.
Drilon will continue to keep his post until a contender gets a simple majority of a 24-member Senate needed to unseat him. Senators Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III and Alan Peter Cayetano have already expressed their intentions to seek the post while Senator Vicente “Tito” Sotto III claimed he was being considered by at least 11 senators.
Asked on Monday if he was threatened by the posturing of some of his colleagues, Drilon said: “I don’t. Drilon also shrugged off the reported defections of Liberal Party (LP) members in the House of Representatives to the new administration’s coalition for change of presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte. SENATE Majority Leader Alan Peter Cayetano admitted on Monday that he is interested in the Senate presidency as he indicated that the leadership race was already a done deal. Senator Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III earlier expressed his intention to seek the post while Senator Vicente “Tito” Sotto III claimed that at least 11 senators are pushing for him. Duterte and Pimentel are chairman and president of PDP-Laban, respectively, while Cayetano is a member of the Nacionalista Party (NP).
Cayetano said he had already talked with Duterte and Pimentel separately on the issue of the Senate presidency but he cannot say more. Although Duterte has a preferred candidate for Senate President, he would not publicly endorse an official candidate for the post.
Asked if it was possible that Duterte would only pick either him or Pimentel for the post, Cayetano said: “Kung susunod sa kung sino ang gusto, kung ano ang usapan, etc.
But this early, Cayetano said his colleagues already knew their preferred Senate President as well as the choice of Duterte. THAT PHRASE just about sums up Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima’s assessment of the Philippine economy after six years under President Aquino. Driving growth for the quarter was fixed capital formation—or investments—which expanded by 25.5 percent, the highest in almost six years and a clear sign of investor confidence. Consumer optimism was also at an all-time high in the first quarter, reflected in part by the 7-percent jump in household consumption that was buoyed by negligible inflation and a 10-year-low unemployment of 5.8 percent. Clearly, the Aquino administration is passing a vibrant economy to the incoming administration of Rodrigo Duterte. More importantly, the incoming administration has to make good on its promise to address the people’s common problems that seem to have been neglected by the incumbent. Such neglect was validated by the results of the recent national elections, which should have resulted in the administration candidate winning the presidency if indeed the benefits of economic growth had trickled down to the public at large. Economically speaking, Purisima is correct to say that the Philippines is in a much better place than when President Aquino and his team took over.
As the outgoing president reviewed the troops for the last time, one woman said in Filipino, “You are pitiful. Such did the raucous crowd at the presidential inauguration of June 30, 2010, vent their anger on Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Six years ago, the Filipino mind was engrossed in writing the sins of the outgoing president on the tally sheet. As Arroyo strode on the parade grounds of the Quirino Grandstand, foremost on the minds of the watching public were the “Hello, Garci” controversy, the national broadband network controversy, the fertilizer fund scam, the North Rail project fiasco, Tropical Storm “Ondoy” and its disastrous aftermath, not to mention the dinner at New York’s classy Le Cirque just a few days before Cory Aquino’s death. Social media, unfettered and uncensored, has already drawn up its list of the Aquino controversies that partly decided the results of the presidential election: the unconstitutional Disbursement Acceleration Program for which calls have already been made to put Mr. It certainly was bad fate for the Aquino administration that Corona died at the height of this year’s presidential campaign. Of the sins of omission, the most glaring on the list would be the negligence that led to the MRT serial breakdowns and the international airport mismanagement. Six years of pent-up anger over favoritism, the unconstitutional practice of using discretionary funds sans line items in the budget (a form of corruption, no less), and the protection of inept presidential friends formed part of the “change is coming” grand narrative that helped Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte sweep the 2016 presidential election. THERE’S A tried and tested way for ordinary citizens to lawfully profit from the proceeds of corruption, while still enabling the government to recover stolen public funds.
From 2009 to 2013, one country in the world recovered the equivalent of P617 billion in public funds that were lost to corruption.
Under a US law called the False Claims Act, ordinary citizens can expose graft and corruption committed by companies in their commercial dealings with the US government. Without a law like the False Claims Act, the search for corruption-stained contracts is done with government agencies examining transactions that are externally packaged to look, sound and smell like pious works.
With a law like the False Claims Act, every employee working in a private contractor’s house can become a potential whistle-blower who will come out of the house and hand crucial evidence to government investigators who are virtual roadside bystanders. One US senator rationalizes giving rewards to whistle-blowers, many of whom are engaged in unethical or outright criminal activities themselves, “upon the old-fashioned idea of holding out a temptation, and ‘setting a rogue to catch a rogue,’ which is the safest and most expeditious way … ever discovered of bringing rogues to justice.” The trick is to reward a criminal to catch a bigger criminal.
A law like the False Claims Act has the effect of deputizing every citizen to become a corruption-buster with potentially huge rewards for his or her efforts. The Global Financial Integrity, an international research organization, estimates that the Philippine economy was cheated of P6 trillion from 1960 to 2011, or an average of over P357 billion yearly. These figures constitute the mere tip of the corruption iceberg because they were gathered by either researchers doing investigative work as bystanders or COA auditors examining documents whose wordings are crafted to cover up corruption.
It may well be true that incoming president Rodrigo Duterte is serious in his election promise to stamp out corruption during his six years in office.
If Duterte can stamp out corruption and marshal Congress to pass laws that will remove corruption from the country’s bloodstream starting from his term and beyond, he will be a leader worthy of a more glamorous martyrdom in the hallowed grounds of Luneta.
WITH INCREASING frequency and magnitude, disasters and conflicts are causing untold human suffering in many parts of the world.
We need more concerted efforts to end conflict, alleviate suffering, and reduce risk and vulnerability conditions facing millions of people, most of whom are poor and live in rural and marginalized areas of developing countries.
This, essentially, is the aim of the World Humanitarian Summit convened by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. The recent adoption of a sustainable development agenda to end hunger and poverty, and to “leave no one behind,” a universal climate agreement, and a new framework to reduce disaster risk and enhance resilience, are important steps in the right direction. But we must go much further and radically transform how we perceive and implement humanitarian efforts. In practical terms, it means moving beyond responding with short-term relief measures, and invest much more in tackling the root causes of crises.
Agriculture and rural development are key to strengthening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable, including hundreds of millions of small-scale family farmers who are responsible for producing an important share of the world’s food. Meanwhile, the agricultural sector, which bears almost 22 percent of damage and losses caused by natural disasters and up to 85 percent in case of drought, receives on average less than 4 percent of the total in humanitarian aid.
In this context, it is crucial to stress that investing in livelihoods is not only the just thing to do, but it also makes sense from a cost-effectiveness point of view by helping to address the root causes of conflict, reduce the impact of future shocks, and prevent a deepening of vulnerabilities and the onset of a vicious cycle. In the case of natural hazards, it is four to seven times more cost-effective to invest in disaster-risk reduction than to rely on emergency response.
Moreover, in armed conflict and protracted crises, protecting, saving and rebuilding agricultural livelihoods to save lives and create the conditions for longer-term resilience is a key step toward ensuring peace and stability. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations provides both humanitarian and development assistance. More generally, we see how investment in agriculture helps strengthen the self-reliance and dignity of vulnerable rural communities, reducing the need for food assistance. If we want to address growing humanitarian needs, we need to move beyond business as usual and manage crises differently.
Jose Graziano da Silva is director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Archie Oclos, University of the Philippines 2011 graduate and street artist, laments the photorealistic astronaut painted across the entire back of Icon Plaza by a Los Angeles duo last year. The eerily floating stranger’s sheer scale provokes reflection on one’s sense of space, but it has no emotional umbilical. Reynaldo “Pogs” Samson, 2010 winner of Metro-bank’s prestigious art contest, pairs astronauts with angels as his avatars.
Archie did get a small 15-foot wall at 29th Street corner Rizal Drive, near the Mind Museum. Past BGC murals by Filipino unknowns likewise struck me more than the imports: Dee Jae Pa’este’s aqua-colored tribal figures and the mosaic-style sun, moon and clouds of Baguio’s The Mighty Bhutens. To teach at the University of the East, I would drive past Gerilya’s striking Bonifacio and Rajah Sulayman on Nagtahan Bridge’s columns. Manny Garibay led a Canvas group, painting a 12-ft Bonifacio on the back of a truck during the 2014 UP Lantern Parade. Gregoria de Jesus, against a graffiti Ginebra logo on a rusting wall, with a twin painting of Rizal and Leonor Rivera.
How many BGC shoppers have seen Carlos “Botong” Francisco’s 36-ft “The Progress of Medicine in the Philippines” from 1953, restored and moved from the Philippine General Hospital to the National Museum? How many have seen “Itak sa Puso ni Mang Juan,” the small 1978 watercolor by Antipas Delotavo in the Metropolitan Museum’s tiny martial law section?
I have seen precious few martial law paintings: BenCab’s 1970s works in his Baguio museum, a woman gagged with barbed wire in Pablo Baen Santos’ bold strokes in the Ateneo Art Gallery, and Ang Kiukok’s screaming figures.
A Twitter thread tagging Sandro Marcos claimed that everything about martial law is on the internet. I love BGC’s five-story Fully Booked as much as I loved the National Bookstore Cubao Superbranch’s discount floor as a student.
I recall Garibay’s exhortation to express our national identity as strongly as possible in our art, as it is not entrenched in the global psyche. Until the Davao mayor is officially declared by Congress as the winning candidate for the presidency, I shall refer to him as the “incoming president” and thereafter until June 30, as the “president-elect.” As Ambeth pointed out, the choice of these terms reveals one’s bias.
The incoming president has started to flesh out his Cabinet with a number of positions being offered to old friends, classmates, colleagues and political supporters. President Aquino found it excruciatingly difficult to let go of PNP chief Alan Purisima so much so that even after Purisima was suspended by the Ombudsman, he kept him at his side.
Somehow I am reminded of a story concerning appointments being made by newly-elected President John F. Still vacant are the following Cabinet positions: Department of National Defense, Department of the Interior and Local Government, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Health, National Economic and Development Authority, Department of Social Welfare and Development, Department of Labor and Employment, Department of Agrarian Reform, and Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Vitaliano Aguirre—During the Corona impeachment trial, he was cited for contempt for clasping both ears with his palms during remarks being delivered by Lady Miriam. Mark Villar—There appears to be some conflict of interest in this appointment since the family is involved in real estate development projects. Salvador Panelo—There are objections from relatives of Maguindanao massacre victims since Panelo served as the lawyer of the Ampatuans. In 2007, members of Philippine Air Force Flying School Class of 1957 marked their golden anniversary with a simple gathering of classmates and flight instructors at the Milky Way restaurant in Makati.
LOS ANGELES—Saudi Arabia has captured the world’s attention with the announcement of an ambitious agenda.


While the immediate catalyst for economic restructuring is the impact of the sharp fall in international oil prices, the rationale for these reforms has been evident for much longer. The more than halving of oil prices in the last 18 months has been accompanied by a major change in how the oil market functions.
10 million barrels per day, in just four years—the Saudi-led Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) oil cartel has less influence on market prices. Seeking to regain better control over its economic and financial destiny, the kingdom has designed an ambitious economic restructuring plan, spearheaded by its energetic new deputy crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud.
First, the plan seeks to enhance the generation of nonoil revenues, by raising fees and tariffs on public services, gradually expanding the tax base (including through the introduction of a value added tax), and raising more income from a growing number of visitors to Saudi Arabia. Second, the authorities want to reduce spending by lowering subsidies, rationalizing the country’s massive public investment program, and diverting spending on arms away from foreign purchases. Third, Saudi Arabia seeks to diversify its national wealth and, in the process, increase current investment income. The action plans underpinning the implementation of Vision 2030 inevitably involve progressing on multiple fronts simultaneously and in a carefully coordinated and monitored fashion.
Against this background, it is encouraging that the announcement of Vision 2030 has been followed rapidly by the implementation of some initial and notable steps. THE RISE of Rodrigo Duterte from city mayor to president was largely propelled by his campaign promise to eradicate drug trafficking, criminality and corruption, issues that gravely matter to all sectors of society. However, I believe Mayor Duterte cannot deliver on his promise to do with the entire Philippines what he did with Davao City—unless all of us will help him. I hope that the Metro Manila mayors will emulate Mayor Duterte and not wait for the president of the Philippines to tell and teach them what to do and how to do their job.
Duterte was elected to the presidency even if he is “wa-class.” He speaks English with a Visayan accent. Duterte was irreverent toward the Catholic Church, which other candidates or politicians dared not, lest they get the ire of the Church hierarchy and lose the votes of devotees. Duterte declared himself a “leftist” and a “socialist.” To counter this, Roxas used Red-scare tactics, spooking the people of the specter of communism in a Duterte presidency. The Red-scare tactics did not work, nor did the branding of “Du-dirty.” Duterte won and won big-time. Duterte seems bent on projecting himself as the strong leader who will bring the nationwide changes he promised: an end to corruption and criminality and strict implementation of our laws and ordinances. It is clear why Duterte got an overwhelming vote in spite of the criticisms heaped on his person by other sectors; and in spite of his being foul-mouthed, irreverent, a womanizer and his admission to violating the human rights of criminals. The more than 16 million who voted for him hope that he is the answer to the nation’s ills, the strong leader who would impose national discipline, establish peace and order, and protect the people from worsening lawlessness. This brings to P11 billion the total deals sealed by 8990 Holdings to pare down its in-house contract-to-sell portfolio, meeting the target for 2016, the housing developer disclosed to the Philippine Stock Exchange on Monday.
8990 Holdings earlier sold P1 billion worth of receivables to BPI Family Bank and P2 billion to Security Bank. Under the securitization deal, 8990 Holdings’ subsidiaries will sell up to P5 billion worth of CTS to a special purpose company of China Bank Capital, which will then issue three tranches of asset-backed securities to investors. The purchase of receivables by big banking institutions is seen to indicate the growing satisfaction and confidence of banks with regards to the quality of 8990 Holdings’ buyers, its credit evaluation procedures and its credit and collection platform. The local stock barometer ended slightly higher on Monday, bouncing back from the bloodbath in the last two trading days. On the other hand, the services and mining and oil sectors went down by less than 1 percent. BDO chief strategist Jonathan Ravelas downplayed today’s gain, calling it “nothing but a technical bounce” after a two-day decline.
He noted that concerns about valuation had caused the PSEi to decline by 235.27 points in the last two days.
Sliding by more than 1 percent are Universal Robina Corporation, JG Summit Holdings, Inc and Philippine long Distance Telephone Company. Meralco also offers a free text service for its customers to stay updated on power interruptions and service maintenance schedules. To learn more about the breakdown of your bill and how to stay updated thru Meralco’s text program watch the Meralco Advisory May 2016 edition below.
SINGAPORE, Singapore—Oil prices dipped in Asia Monday after Iran said it has no plans to join any output freeze by other major crude producers.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), of which Iran is a member, is due to meet in Vienna on June 2 after talks in Doha involving OPEC members and other major producers such as Russia in April failed to reach a deal to cap production. Despite a recent rebound, world crude prices are still below half their levels in June 2014 due to oversupply. Iran only returned to world oil markets in January after the lifting of nuclear-linked Western sanctions.
CMC Markets senior sales trader Alex Wijaya told AFP that the news out of Iran dashed rising confidence among traders on a tightening of the supply-demand equation, with US output steadily falling and Nigeria and Canada suffering temporary cutbacks. Officials had on Sunday lifted the evacuation order for several oil production sites north of Fort McMurray, the city threatened by massive Canadian wildfires, although officials said thick smoke still prevented a resumption of most production. The fires, which forced the evacuation of 100,000 residents of Fort McMurray and the oil facilities to the north, interrupted extraction and refining of an estimated 1.2 million barrels of oil per day. However, Wijaya said that the traders’ focus will now shift to longer term supply issues. THE LOPEZ group took a strong stance on Monday against the use of coal to fuel the country’s power plants, citing an urgent need to mitigate the impact of climate change. Federico Lopez, chair and CEO of First Philippine Holdings (FPH) made a bold declaration during FPH’s annual stockholders meeting on Monday that the group would never build, develop or invest in any coal-fired power plant. Lopez said some businessmen and power industry leaders tended to argue that since the Philippines was responsible for only 0.3 percent of global carbon emissions, the country had the right to continue building more coal-fired power plants.
Events have become an overarching strategic marketing and communication tool used by companies and brands in building brands, introducing and promoting products and services. Learn from event experts who will coach and mentor professionals in developing event creative concepts and themes, plan and execute event marketing campaigns, communication and promotions. Outgoing Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima (left) assured incoming finance chief Carlos Dominguez of a smooth transition when the government of presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte takes over on July 1.
The current and incoming heads of the Department of Finance (DOF)—the agency in-charge of the country’s fiscal affairs—met last Friday and agreed on a smooth transition on June 30. Dominguez requested that some of Purisima’s staff as well as key officials of a number of DOF-attached agencies be retained for at least one month to assist him, sources said.
Purisima will also turn over to Dominguez a “DOF Manual of Institutional Knowledge,” which the department is set to finish by end-June. The incoming DOF leadership would also get to enjoy upgraded and renovated offices on the 5th and 6th floors as well as the building’s roof-deck. The outgoing finance chief was all praises for Dominguez, who served in the Cabinet of former Presidents Corazon C. METRO Manila’s traffic woes can’t be solved overnight, but possibly within two to three years, according to a “Marshall-like” solution being offered to presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte by Filipino consortium Philtrak Inc. Francis Yuseco Jr., who heads Philtrak, said in an interview that his group sent early feelers to the incoming administration to implement, among other items, an elevated bus-based Philtrak Rapid Transit (PRT) system along traffic-strangled Edsa and end road congestion. Yuseco claims to have invented the technology, known elsewhere as a bus rapid transit (BRT) system involving dedicated bus lanes where passengers are loaded and unloaded at designated stations.
That was a key feature of the group’s Marshall-like plan, in reference to the United States’ massive post-World War II economic aid for Western Europe in 1948 drawn up by then Secretary of State George Marshall. Yuseco said the Edsa PRT would be a P12.5-billion, single-lane elevated road running more than 50 kilometers along the main thoroughfare, with “turnaround” points at SM Mall of Asia in Pasay City and the Monumento Roundabout in Caloocan. He said the cost would cover the construction of the elevated road and about 96 buses, serving a million passengers a day, approximating the current capacity of Metro Manila’s three elevated train lines, where capacity is strained.
He said the optimistic completion scenario was partly because of right of way, a perennial problem, would be minimized since posts supporting  the elevated road could be built on sidewalks, which is government property. Yuseco said  their buses would be air-conditioned and carry between 180 and 200 passengers each and charge rates similar to non-air con buses operating along Edsa today. Philtrak is also proposing to build a road using the 30-meter right of way of the Philippine National Railways (PNR) across 1,079 km of train lines stretching across Luzon.
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Talbot was active from the mid-1830s, and sits alongside Louis Daguerre as one of the fathers of the medium. Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light. Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop. Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in order to eliminate one of the “hatreds” persisting in the country. Sabi ko, if I become President, ipa-pardon kita not because you are my friend but I also believe that there is no good case against you, as a prosecutor and a lawyer,” the incoming President told reporters here Monday night.
17, 2011, which means he was still barred from running in 2013 because the five-year period barring him as a candidate had not yet lapsed. They were placed under close surveillance and were eventually caught with drug paraphernalia. Other angles being checked out were heat stroke, considering that the venue was packed, or dehydration.
Patients [develop] palpitations, they can hyperventilate or they can have difficulty breathing until they turn blue. Wilben Mayor said in a press briefing on Monday at the PNP headquarters in Camp Crame, Quezon City. They were found in different areas of the venue and taken to the hospital where they passed away the following day. Kailangan mo ng at least 13 senators pero sa bigat ng legislative agenda ni presumptive President siguro kailangan mo ng majority ng between 15 to 18 kasi halimbawa sa death penalty, hindi porke sa majority e payag na sa death penalty.
But it’s a free country so anyone can declare that they want to run para din naman sa House yan. Sales of vehicles and condominium units also surged, benefiting from an investment-grade credit rating that led to lower interest rates. It can start by not tinkering with monetary stability and fiscal discipline, which have been the hallmarks of the incumbent. On further boosting investor confidence, it can do better by acting with dispatch on Duterte’s plan to relax restrictions on foreign ownership, which have been used by inefficient local investors to the detriment of consumers.
Much needs to be done to uplift the poor (the poverty rate remains at more than 20 percent), peace and order appear to be a low priority (in the first half of 2015, the Philippine National Police reported a 46-percent increase in the number of crimes committed nationwide), and the travails of ordinary people such as the horrendous traffic situation and inadequate public transportation are relegated to the sidelines. But it was won by the tough-talking mayor of Davao City who ran on the promise of stamping out crime if elected president. This was a crowd that wanted to seize the last moments to heap ridicule on a leader that surveys had described as “one of the most unpopular the country has ever had,” as the national dailies reported the morning of the presidential inauguration. Albeit the Inquirer report also added: “But some in the huge crowd were also heard chanting, ‘Gloria!
Aquino and his Budget Secretary Butch Abad in jail; some have already posted memes of wheelchairs.
Aquino’s integrity started fundamentally with his characteristic coddling of close friends and shooting buddies.
Out of this recovered amount, P91 billion was paid to private individuals who provided inside information that enabled their government to discover corruption-tainted transactions. If the information leads to a recovery, the whistle-blower earns 15-35 percent of all amounts that the US government receives by way of recovery or huge fines. Miriam Defensor Santiago filed a bill that sought to adopt a “False Claims” law for the Philippines. The Office of the Ombudsman and the Department of Justice examine suspicious deals and contracts like roadside bystanders peering through the window of a private contractor’s house. Every employee of a company that has corrupt dealings with the government will be given a financial incentive to reveal corruption schemes that result in the theft of public funds or loss of potential government revenues.
It likewise creates a culture of paranoia among companies and government officials who may be predisposed to enter into graft-ridden deals, and force them to avoid engaging in corrupt transactions. Most of these are tax and customs revenues lost because of conspiracies between importers and government personnel. Imagine the entire corruption iceberg getting exposed in all its enormity, and melting in the resulting public exposure, if employees of corrupt companies are given huge incentives to expose corruption.
During the election campaign, he theatrically declared his willingness to be martyred by riding a Jet Ski to a disputed but Chinese-occupied islet in the Spratlys and planting the Philippine flag. These are as diverse as Supertyphoon “Yolanda” (Haiyan), Ebola or civil war in Syria, to name but a few of the more recent.
It seeks to build on the momentum of an extraordinary series of commitments by the international community. It means building resilience and strengthening the livelihoods of people in ways that not only drive recovery from war, disease, floods and other shocks, but also help to reduce the impact of these crises and, where possible, prevent them from taking place altogether.
This provides a stark measure of the widening chasm between needs and the magnitude of response. Expanding access to social protection systems is crucial to underpin resilience—in humanitarian response as well as in development. Yet only 0.4 percent of Official Development Assistance is spent on disaster-risk reduction. However, the role of the agriculture sector in crises is too often overlooked and the necessary investments are not made.
We firmly believe in prioritizing early warning, prevention and preparedness to safeguard livelihoods, especially in the rural areas.
We have found that $200 in support enables a Syrian farmer to produce two tons of wheat, enough to feed a family of six for a year and provide seeds for future planting. We need to acknowledge that the interventions made must have a long-term impact on the beneficiaries, especially those in the rural areas, and then act accordingly. These depict tension between science and religion, joined by bulul (Ifugao rice gods) and Caucasian bishops with Pinocchio noses. The headline foreign murals were an African-style totem, an oddly colored combination of leaves and coconuts, and a tree with cut branches out of place in a Philippine landscape. The farmer clasps his hat to his chest, his grizzled, weather-beaten face radiating humble pride, a carabao looming behind him. I love their smaller Bonifacio with his pistol, alongside Jose Rizal holding a quill, beside Canvas, Gigo Alampay’s nonprofit gallery near UP. Or the 40-ft “Karnabal,” painted in 1992 by Garibay’s Salingpusa collective, the first work in Antipolo’s Pinto museum? It captured that decade’s mood with a thin, weary man walking past a blood red Coca-Cola logo, the C’s sharp tail pointed straight at his heart.
But its central attraction is now a painting, on a 24-ft stack of books by a Los Angeles artist, of an out-of-place woman with sharp nose and pouty lips.
It is easier to quote Tyrion Lannister to one’s own countrymen than to quote Rizal today, much less Benigno Aquino Jr.
Ocampo noted that the term “presumptive president” being used by media when referring to Mayor Rodrigo Duterte, is “painful to the eye and ear.” He added that he didn’t remember the term being used on Benigno Aquino, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Joseph Estrada or Fidel Ramos while they waited in limbo before assuming the presidency. For one thing, “presumptive” is too close for comfort to the word “presumptuous,” which indicates a certain degree of arrogance or insolence. Purisima continued giving advice and even orders that eventually led to the Mamasapano tragedy.
I say tentative since there may still be changes until the appointments are officially announced by the President himself or the nominees finally take their oath of office. The last four are reportedly being reserved for the possible participation of Communist Party of the Philippines-National Democratic Front personalities. He is perhaps one of the very few legislators to have undergone both courses, an education which has clearly prepared him for his current responsibilities. With oil sales generating the bulk of government revenues, and with the public sector being the predominant employer, Saudi officials have long worried that the kingdom’s lack of economic diversity could place at risk its long-term financial security.
In addition, certain members of Opec, again led by Saudi Arabia, are now less willing to try to moderate fluctuations in the price of oil, as they correctly recognize that “swing producers” risk durable losses in market share. In simplified terms, Vision 2030 focuses on three major areas, together with efforts to protect the most vulnerable segments of the population.
For example, the plan would raise funds via the initial public offering of a small part (up to 5 percent) of Saudi-Aramco, the giant oil conglomerate, and invest the proceeds in a broader range of assets around the world. Requiring invigorated administrative and operational resources, it comes at a time when Saudi Arabia is not only dealing with lower oil earnings and drawing down its large reserves, but also is increasingly asserting its regional role, including in Syria and Yemen. Sustaining this momentum in a manner that maintains consistent communication with key domestic stakeholders will likely prove critical in determining the plan’s success. Filipinos banked on this promise given that residents of Davao City have affirmed reports about the city’s relatively peaceful atmosphere, which is widely perceived to be the result of Mayor Duterte’s imposition of stern discipline relative to public conduct, which in turn makes them feel safe and secure.
The norm in our society is that one who speaks straight English without any “Filipino accent” is a class above the rest. The campaign period coincided with summer at its height; so he wore ordinary collared shirts and his signature checkered polo—tucked out.
But his boast of record GDP growth and high credit ratings from lending institutions was “duh” for the masses.
Perhaps Roxas inherited this antileftist attitude from his grandfather Manuel Roxas, president of the Philippines from 1946-1948. He has also made himself available for media interviews and for audiences with foreign diplomats, politicians and other prominent personalities who have trooped to his place in Davao City to personally congratulate him or to have a dialogue with him. This early, he warns erring policemen and law enforcement officers to perform their duties or get out of the service. Perhaps, we can say that Duterte is the “anointed” one to govern the country for the next six years. The housing firm also earlier mandated the investment banking arm of China Bank to underwrite the offering of up to P5 billion worth of securities backed by housing receivables.
The special purpose vehicle will in turn use the cash flows from the receivables to make principal and interest payments to the investors until each tranche is completely paid in order of seniority. At the same time, he said investors had pocketed gains after the announcement of the 6.9 percent first quarter Philippine gross domestic product growth.


In the case of Security Bank, this company will be included in the closely-tracked MSCI Philippines index after the end of May.
If there is a strong agreement from the meeting and concrete implementation, the market will react to this,” he added. Be certified as an Event Management Professional in the Event Management Course 2016 on June 21 – 23, 2016 at AIM Conference Center, Makati City, PH.
Know the latest event technologies, managing risks, protocol, logistics, human resource, financials and phases of event management. Purisima and Carlos “Sonny” Dominguez III met at a golf club in Makati City to discuss the transition process. We extend our best wishes of success and look forward to officially passing the baton on June 30,” Purisima added. Yuseco said the plan covered the entire country and could cost about P100 billion, with close to half of the amount going to Luzon and Metro Manila.
We need to pour resources into infrastructure and stop losses,” Yuseco said, citing a 2012 study by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) showing that productivity losses due to traffic in Metro Manila amounted to some P2.4 billion a day. He said stations would dot the PRT line, with passengers waiting no more than a minute to catch their next ride. Yuseco said this would help boost connectivity and spur development outside the capital district. Starting from the 51st spot, she has slowly climbed up the charts due to performances, promotional efforts, and interviews in the last seven weeks. The magazine said BoA was fluent in Korean and Japanese and that she has sold millions of albums in both countries since her debut.
Porta (1541-1615), a wise Neapolitan, was able to get the image of well-lighted objects through a small hole in one of the faces of a dark chamber; with a convergent lens over the enlarged hole, he noticed that the images got even clearer and sharper.
Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre. As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt.
Yung pagtaas ng sweldo ng police, we want to do that right away pero this early, may mga nagsasabi na you can’t do that without the others,” he said.
Gross domestic product grew 6.9 percent in the first quarter of 2016, the fastest among the top five members of the Asean. It will be best served by letting the monetary authorities decide what’s best for the local financial system, and the executives who will take up the top posts in budget and finance will do well to exhibit the same passion for fiscal discipline.
Despite the gains in employment, underemployment remains a big problem, and job satisfaction is a big issue especially among those living on the minimum wage and finding it hard to make ends meet. If the presumptive President-elect plays his cards right, brighter days are indeed ahead for Asia’s bright spot. You still have the gumption to face the people,” directing her words at the outgoing leader’s face shown on the video wall. One potent fact cannot be relegated to the dustbin of oblivion—so much public consciousness still remains about that part of the DAP that allegedly went to the reward money (to the tune of P50 million) for each of the 20 senator-judges who voted to impeach then Chief Justice Renato Corona. Aquino has not been seen nor heard to issue marching orders to fix the problem in both controversies, especially to an airport manager who is family to him.
That the creative public mind has been prolific in coining the graphic nomenclatures like kaibigan and kabarilan  (add to these, noynoying) should be no small matter. The signs seem to indicate he has not, and the criticisms against his appointments must be taken as reasonable public indicators, to say the least.
This one seems to be no different—enough talks of a Justin Trudeau Cabinet of cultural diversity and meritocracy. In a number of these cases, the whistle-blowers were employees who assisted their employer-companies to accomplish the fraud, and they provided information that showed the trail of corruption. The bill was a virtual duplicate of the US law; the point was, if it has already proven effective elsewhere, why reinvent the wheel? These agencies largely rely on the possibility that, by chance, a conscience-stricken employee of the private contractor will squeal on the thievery of public funds. The bigger the government’s loss, the bigger the reward for the whistle-blower, and, as a consequence, the bigger the possibility that an employee will come out of the contractor’s house to provide government investigators with explosive evidence.
On the other hand, the Commission on Audit (COA) has reported that out of national budget expenditures, the government lost P102 billion to graft and corruption in 2011 alone. Many are also about neglect and lack of development, and, as such, cannot be solved by humanitarian action alone. Extreme weather events, such as those associated with El Nino, wreak havoc across wide swathes of the rural areas of the developing world, animal diseases disrupt food chains, and wars force millions to abandon their homes, fields and livestock and become migrants at a scale not seen since World War II.
Around the globe, plenty of evidence exists on the benefits of this, and on how it reduces the need for emergency interventions. This is a fraction of the economic cost of food aid, not to mention the dramatic human costs. When man landed on the moon in 1969, Ambeth Ocampo chronicled, we celebrated Gloria Diaz’s winning Miss Universe. Ronald Jeresano, the 2008 winner, has astronauts float behind his trademark pink-skinned Filipino in dark jeans as he walks in contentment across the heavens.
Japanese artists painted an odd Andres Bonifacio with orange pupils in 2014, his 150th birth anniversary. It was unveiled in 2013, together with small paintings sold at 10 times a Filipino’s price. There is nothing arrogant or insolent about 17 million Filipinos choosing Duterte for their next president. The name of a Massachusetts supporter kept appearing in the list of recommendees for government positions but had been crossed out by JFK. It is not clear if this was his intent or he was merely resting his tired head between his hands.
The boy would finish at De La Salle University with a commerce degree, majoring in financial institutions.
The plan would reduce historical high dependence on oil by transforming how Saudi Arabia generates income, as well as how it spends and manages its vast resources. Early successes are often needed to solidify the overwhelming buy-in of key constituencies, particularly those that naturally may be resistant to change at first (especially change that eliminates some of the traditional financial entitlements in moving from a familiar, albeit less secure, present toward what is now an unfamiliar future). How the Saudis proceed on this important economic restructuring is being closely watched by the other five members of the Gulf Cooperation Council—and by many other countries as well.
If Saudi Arabia succeeds in transforming its economy, including reforming institutions and restructuring economic incentives, other countries that face similar challenges, in the region and beyond, will be inspired to follow suit. This ability (to speak straight English) implies that one studied or is studying in one of those exclusive expensive schools (here or abroad), for which only the elite can afford.
Lolo  Roxas and his Liberal Party allies maneuvered to disqualify six elected congressmen from the Democratic Alliance party, a group of workers, peasants and intellectuals opposed to the Parity Rights Amendment.
My team is coordinating with his in order to work with depth over the next month on a smooth transition,” Purisima said. Schulze mixes chalk, nitric acid, and silver in a flask; notices darkening on side of flask exposed to sunlight. A daguerreotype, produced on a silver-plated copper sheet, produces a mirror image photograph of the exposed scene. It outpaced China’s for the first time in 27 years and, despite the global economic weakness, was the highest quarterly growth in nearly three years and the 17th consecutive quarter of above-5-percent GDP expansion. The BPO industry continued to grow robustly and now employs 1.3 million Filipinos and accounts for 8 percent of GDP. During the past six years, the administration boosted spending on education by 125 percent, social services by 166 percent, health by 336 percent, and infrastructure by 360 percent. Aquino’s sins of commission and omission even before the elections of May 9, as if doing so would bring about a kind of national catharsis.
Aquino’s machinations and the use of bribery by an administration that claims to be righteous by the people. The Mamasapano massacre and the missing “Yolanda” funds will continue to be broken refrains until those guilty will be brought to the bars of justice. It must be continually emphasized that this was something unexpected of a President whose message of incorruptibility was his presidential theme. To underestimate the public now—as it had been underestimated before—for its “ignorance” of the political wheeling and dealing happening is a grave mistake. There is no reward for the risk to life and limb, except the patriotic feeling of having done a good deed for the motherland. This has been the sad history of leader-dependent crusades in a country like the Philippines. Archie preaches that street art is more raw and closer to the public, its inherent vulnerability to damage adding to its charm.
When the name reappeared one more time, he told his brother Bobby that the fellow was an SOB, and should be dropped. This was followed by law studies at the UP College of Law where he would be awarded the Dean’s Medal for Academic Excellence. It is supported by detailed action plans, the initial implementation of which has already involved headline-grabbing institutional changes in a country long known for caution and gradualism.
Its pastoral-electoral guideline, in fact, was short of saying, “Do not vote for Duterte.” Still, Duterte garnered more than 16 million votes which surely included votes from Catholics. Grace Poe presented a lineup of good programs but would not have gotten more votes even if she campaigned wearing a duster. What we can all do now as a nation is to wish him well and to pray for the success of his administration.
The alchemist Fabricio, more or less at the same period of time, observed that silver chloride was darkened by the action of light. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself.
Overseas Filipino workers remained steadfast in sending billions of dollars to their beneficiaries at home, helping fuel consumption spending. Infrastructure spending deserves special attention, with a focus needed on how to speed up the public-private partnership program. Go home!), screamed one woman as the face of the outgoing president appeared on the giant screen. Thus it has begun an accounting of classmates—kaklase—from grade school, high school, law school, even a dormitory roommate (“Perfecto Yasay, gulp!” said one). There were also efforts in the House of Representatives to pass a measure giving rewards of P50,000 to P200,000 to those who blow the whistle on corruption in the government, but even that was never approved.
Just that, perhaps, the people saw in Duterte his promise of providing more for basic needs (health, education and homes) and his anticrime program as more realizable. It was only two hundred years later that the physicist Charles made the first photographic impression, by projecting the outlines of one of his pupils on a white paper sheet impregnated with silver chloride. It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot. And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced. Aquino never learned from the repugnant tag “Kamaganak Inc.” that hounded his mother’s presidency. These failed efforts speak volumes on the lack of serious intent in Congress to fight corruption. Teodoro would move on to Harvard for his masters in law and admission to the bar of the State of New York. His political career would take him to three terms in Congress, serving as head of the Nationalist People’s Coalition in the House of Representatives. The photos were turned into lantern slides and projected in registration with the same color filters. You can be sure what public ridicule will hound Manila International Airport Authority head Jose Angel Honrado the moment he steps down.
In 1802, Wedgwood reproduced transparent drawings on a surface sensitized by silver nitrate and exposed to light. Nicephore Niepce (1765-1833) had the idea of using as sensitive material the bitumen, which is altered and made insoluble by light, thus keeping the images obtained unaltered.
Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
He communicated his experiences to Daguerre (1787-1851) who noticed that a iodide-covered silver plate - thedaguerreotype -, by exposition to iodine fumes, was impressed by the action of light action, and that the almost invisible alteration could be developed with the exposition to mercury fumes. In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c. It was then fixed with a solution of potassium cyanide, which dissolves the unaltered iodine.The daguerreotype (1839) was the first practical solution for the problem of photography.
In 1841, Claudet discovered quickening substances, thanks to which exposing times were shortened.
More or less at the same time period, EnglishWilliam Henry Talbot substituted the steel daguerreotype with paper photographs (named calotype).
Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694.
Niepce of Saint-Victor (1805-1870), Nicephorea€™s cousin, invented the photographic glass plate covered with a layer of albumin, sensitized by silver iodide. The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance.
Maddox and Benett, between 1871 and 1878, discovered the gelatine-bromide plate, as well as how to sensitize it. As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed.
A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests. Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image.
Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing.
The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers.
He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated. Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce. The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary. This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras. Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight.
In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around.
Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning.
Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters.
It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten. Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii. Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907. If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs. Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains. Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable. Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made. A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image. Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory. The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory. The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor. Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor.



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