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When you have to allow 3rd party for use LDAPS and run some queries then we might need to create new attributes. Assign Schema Admin to your account, then log off and login in else you can’t create new schema attribute. Now assign the Attribute to the Class like I am adding to user class by going to the properties of User Class. Today is Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD), an international day of action to get people talking, thinking and learning about digital accessibility.
A lot of the emails were prompted by one particular blog where we shared plans for enhancing the accessibility of our products in 2016. Inclusive Hiring: We are thrilled that more and more companies are getting involved and reaching out to get or share ideas on how to better their inclusive hiring practices. Inclusive Design: The ways in which people interact with our products and services is diverse. Windows 10: As we near the one-year anniversary of the availability of Windows 10, we’re making progress toward our vision of more personal computing for everyone. The Next Big Thing: Many do not know that within Microsoft, there are several emerging projects dedicated to creating technologies that empower people with disabilities to do more through technology. To us, this is about delivering on our mission to empower people and organizations to achieve more. The prevalence of large-scale ransomware incidents led the United States and Canadian governments to issue a joint statement about ransomware. Due to the global ransomware incidents, the Swiss government along with some industry players will also hold the Ransomware InfoDay today, May 19, 2016, as part of the ransomware awareness campaigns.
This blog answers the frequently asked questions (who, what, where, when, why, and how) about a malware with an effect so tangible that it manages to lock your files, extort money from you, and disrupt important public and private operations.
Ransomware is a malware that stealthily gets installed in your PC or mobile device and holds your files or operating system functions for ransom. Paying the ransom (either through credit card or Bitcoins) however, does not guarantee that you’ll get your files back. Ransomware targets your pictures, documents, files, and data that are personally invaluable. Lockscreen ransomware shows a full-screen message that prevents you from accessing your PC or files.
Older versions of ransom usually claim you have done something illegal with your PC, and that you are being fined by a police force or government agency. Ransomware employs its encryption and monetization strategies across PC and mobile devices.
Not careful about downloading or opening file attachments which are known to contain malicious code from spam emails. Because they have malicious or criminal intentions, and see it as an easy way to make money. On the other hand, it mars an enterprise company’s security and reputation as some ransomware incidents halt crucial services such as hospitals – thus forcing infected users to pay up if they haven’t backed up their data. Because it can take your hard-earned money in exchange of the stuff you already own – your data or files!!
It can also violate your privacy, disrupt your work or personal life, and possibly harm your reputation. If the ransomware perpetrators are cashing in on people’s ignorance, then educating yourself about it can help disrupt their business. Avoid browsing web sites that are known for being malware breeding grounds (illegal download sites, porn sites, etc.). Install, use, and regularly update an antivirus solution like Windows Defender to detect ransomware.
Enable Microsoft Active Protection Service (MAPS) to get the latest cloud-based ransomware detection and blocking.
In Office 365’s How to deal with ransomware blog, there are several options on how one can remediate or recover from a ransomware attack.
Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap Search (or if you’re using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and then click Search).
Enter the name of file you’re looking for in the search box, or use the left and right arrows to browse through different versions of your folders and files.
Select what you want to restore to its original location, and then tap or click the Restore button. Before restoring a previous version of a file or folder, select the previous version, and then click Open to view it to make sure it’s the version you want.
Warning: The file or folder will replace the current version on your computer, and the replacement cannot be undone.
Important: Some ransomware will also encrypt or delete the backup versions and will not allow you to do the actions described before. Warning: If the folder is synced to OneDrive and you are not using the latest version of Windows, there might be some limitations using File History.
If you use OneDrive for Business, it will allow you to recover any files you have stored in it. If you want to learn more about this feature, take a look at the Restore a previous version of a document in OneDrive for Business support article. If a large number of files were impacted, using the user interface in the portal will not be a viable option. However, there wasn’t an immediate, obvious identification that this file was actually malicious. We went back and reviewed the other modules in the file, and sure enough – there’s something unusual going on in Module2.
The VBA project (and, therefore, the macro) will automatically run if the user enables macros when opening the file – our strongest suggestion for the prevention of Office-targeting macro-based malware is to only enable macros if you wrote the macro yourself, or completely trust and know the person who wrote it. See our threat intelligence report on macros and our macro-based malware page for further guidance on preventing and recovering from these types of attacks.
Starting April 21, 2016, we observed a large Kovter malware attack where in just a week and a half we protected over 350,000 PCs from this threat. Kovter carried out this attack campaign using a technique called malvertising, masquerading as a fake Adobe Flash update. Malvertising is a technique used by bad actors to attack your PC, where they buy advertisement space with ad networks, ad exchanges, and ad publishers. Unlike typical advertisements that require a user click, malvertising attacks often attack as soon as you visit a website that displays them. Displaying repeated message boxes claiming your PC is infected and encouraging you to call a support phone number for help.
Claiming your browser, Adobe Flash Player, or Java is out of date and in need of an update. The recent Kovter malvertising attack falls into this last category, using a social engineering attack that states that your Adobe Flash is out of date and needs to be updated for security reasons. By using HTTPS, your browser displays a ‘secure’ lock symbol – incorrectly adding to the user trust that the website is safe while at the same time preventing most network intrusion protection systems from protecting the user. We notified COMODO of the code signing abuse by Kovter and they have since revoked this certificate.
This is one of the largest cases of trusted code-signing by malware that we have seen with more than 350,000 unique machines running our security products protected. Given that we haven’t seen this certificate used for non-Kovter files, we believe the private key for the certificate was not stolen but rather issued to the malware authors directly.
The sheer volume of PCs encountering Kovter during this attack, along with the attackers appearing to have been directly issued their own digital certificates is a cause for concern. As part of our ongoing effort to provide better malware protection, the May release of the Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT) includes detections for Kovter and Locky. By adding Kovter and Locky detections to MSRT we hope to have a bigger impact by reaching more affected machines and helping remove these threats. On top of the recent Kovter Adobe Flash malvertising attack, we have also seen this trojan arrive as an attachment to spam emails.
After installation, the malware will remove the original installer from the disk leaving only registry keys that contain the malware.

This threat can silently visit websites without your consent to perform click-fraud by clicking on advertisements. To help stay protected from Kovter, Locky and other threats, use an up-to-date Windows Defender for Windows 10 as your antimalware scanner, and ensure that MAPS has been enabled.
Block the IP addresses of the corresponding compromised websites soon as the administrator identifies the list of sites that Kovter and Locky maliciously redirects into. More information about this month’s security updates and advisories can be found in the Security TechNet Library.
We recently blogged about some improvements to Narrator in Windows 10.  Now that some of those changes are available to Windows Insiders, we wanted to provide you with specifics on using some of the updated features in Narrator. Scan Mode is also intended to make navigating tables easier and supports common keys found in other screen readers for table navigation.  Use CTRL+ALT and ARROW KEYS when in a table to navigate by cells in a row or column. Scan Mode has several additional hotkeys, as seen in the below table, that you can use to move through applications and content as well. We’d love to have your feedback on these features and your experiences with Narrator.  You can use Narrator’s own feedback command of pressing CAPS LOCK+E twice to enter comments about your experiences and send us feedback.
Recently, however, we’ve seen another version of Nemucod distributing Gamarue malware to users. The shift to a JavaScript-obfuscated downloader might be an attempt by the malware authors to evade the increasing detection capabilities and sophistication in antimalware products. A quick look into the obfuscated JavaScript code shows us that, aside from the encrypted strings, it uses variables with random names to hide its real code. For the top 10 countries for Nemucod detections, the US takes a third, followed by Italy and Japan. Unlike Nemucod, Gamarue detections started high and have remained high since late last year.
For Gamarue, the top 10 countries see distribution largely through India, Asia, Mexico, and Pakistan. To help stay protected from Nemucod, Gamarue, and other threats, use Windows Defender for Windows 10, or other up-to-date real-time product as your antimalware scanner.
You can boost your protection by using Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection and enabling Microsoft Active Protection Service (MAPS).
Nano Server is a remotely administered, headless installation option of the server operating system. These additions to the Microsoft Bounty Program will be part of the rigorous security programs at Microsoft.
Security bulletins will continue to link directly to the updates, but will point to the packages on the Microsoft Update Catalog for updates not available on the Microsoft Download Center. For tips on searching the Microsoft Update Catalogue visit the frequently asked questions page. There is no shortage of headlines about cybercriminals launching large-scale attacks against organizations.
We have code named this group PLATINUM, following our internal practice of assigning rogue actors chemical element names.
Uncovering these kinds of techniques is true detective work, and finding them in the wild is a challenge, but with the wealth of anonymized information we can utilize from over 1 billion Windows devices, a broad spectrum of services, Microsoft’s intelligent security graph as well as advanced analytics and machine algorithms to surface suspicious behaviors, Microsoft is in the best position to do so.
Through our advanced and persistent hunting, we discovered PLATINUM is using hotpatching as a technique to attempt to cloak a backdoor they use. In the first part of this methodology, a hunter carves out some rough data sets from existing information and data that can be further analyzed. Carving the data still yields large data sets that can’t be manually analyzed, and advanced threat analytics can help in sorting through the data for meaningful information in the second step. For me, it’s a moment to pause and reflect on what I’ve learned since moving into the role of Chief Accessibility Officer earlier this year. We recently created a Microsoft Inclusive Hiring site to provide potential candidates with one place to find information on job opportunities and read stories from employees like Kyle Schwaneke. This means that to ensure we’re designing products that work for everyone, we must build experiences in a way that is intentionally inclusive of everyone from the beginning. We know there is more work ahead to deliver on this vision, but we’re excited about the progress we’re making. Ultimately, we all want to understand how technology can help a parent, friend, family member or yourself.
For example, we introduced the Learning Tools for OneNote Preview, a toolbar add-in which improves the reading and writing experience, especially for those with dyslexia. Majority of the ransomware incidents are found in the United States, then Italy, and Canada. Do you use any mobile devices, PC, laptop, or the internet for surfing, emailing, working, or shopping online?
It restricts you from using your PC or mobile device, and fromaccessing your files (files are sometimes locked or encrypted), unless you pay the ransom (in exchange for file decryption).
Prevention is still way better than allowing yourself to be infected and then trying to find a cure. From the time that it first surfaced in 1989, ransomware morphed into different forms as it assimilates to people’s computing habits, leverage recent technologies, and monetization strategies available.
It does this by encrypting the files – see the Details for enterprises section if you’re interested in the technologies and techniques we’ve seen. It is a scare tactic designed to make you pay the money without telling anyone who might be able to restore your PC. They take advantage of people’s ignorance, unpatched software vulnerability, or zero-day vulnerability.
Exxroute ransomware, for example, demands $500 and doubles the ransom as you delay the payment. In your Windows 10 or Windows 8.1 devices, you must have your file history enabled and you have to setup a drive for file history.
It will prevent you from browsing sites that are known to be hosting exploits, and protect you from socially-engineered attacks such as phishing and malware downloads.
If you have previously turned File History on in Windows 10 and Windows 8.1 devices or System Protection in Windows 7 and Windows Vista devices, you can (in some cases) recover your local files and folders. Enter “restore your files” in the search box, and then tap or click Restore your files with File History. If you want to restore your files onto a different location than the original, press and hold, or right-click the Restore button, tap or click Restore To, and then choose a new location.
Note: You can’t open or copy previous versions of files that were created by Windows Backup, but you can restore them.
Note: If the Restore button isn’t available, you can’t restore a previous version of the file or folder to its original location. If this is the case, you need to rely on backups in external drives (not affected by the ransomware) or OneDrive (Next step). It’s a Word file that contains seven VBA modules and a VBA user form with a few buttons (using the CommandButton elements). A macro there (UsariosConectados) decrypts the string in the Caption field for CommandButton3, which turns out to be a URL. The goal is to ensure developers and users can easily get accurate information on platform accessibility across browsers, making it easier to build more accessible sites and make informed decisions when using accessibility features. Users from United States are nearly exclusively being targeted, and infected PCs are used to perform click-fraud and install additional malware on your machine. Interestingly, for this campaign the attackers managed to acquire trusted SSL digital certificates to secure an HTTPS SSL connection and their own code signing certificate to sign the downloaded malware with.
In this blog we will share some research into the structure of their malvertising attack, how our MSRT release will be cleaning it up, and the technical details of how Kovter installs and attempts to remain persistent as a file-less malware after it infects a PC. These ads then appear on many websites who use the same advertisement network, and attacks some of the users as they visit the websites. Often they will claim the update is required to view the website content or is needed for security reasons. We suspect that the actors behind Kovter code-signed their fake Adobe Flash installer to increase the number of users who trust the downloaded file and decide to run it.

The domain used by the contact email address to acquire the certificate ( was registered November 10, 2015, just eight days before the certificate was acquired, but we did not observe this certificate signing files in the wild until this campaign ramped up a few weeks ago on April 21, 2016.
Lucky for us, the digital signing actually worked to help us better identify files that are Kovter to better protect you – since we are able to uniquely identify and remove all files signed by this certificate. When executed at startup, this JavaScript loads the Kovter payload data registry key data into memory and execute it. As a best practice, we encourage customers to apply security updates as soon as they are released. Contains information such as:  Heading levels, and errors in documents such as spelling, grammar, and others.
Contains Bullet styles, Font Weight (bold), Underline, Italics, Subscript, Superscript, and color. Most recently, one of the most predominant JavaScript malware that has been spreading other malware is Nemucod. For this one particular hash, since the detection was written in early April, 2016, it reached in total of 982 distinct machines with 4,192 reports – which indicates the number of Gamarue installations that could have occurred if it was not detected. SmartScreen can help prevent you from inadvertently browsing sites that are known to be hosting exploits, and helps protect you from socially-engineered attacks such as phishing and malware downloads. We are continuing to deliver on our previously-shared vision for accessibility for Windows 10 and we are committed to ensuring that users of assistive technologies have the opportunity to upgrade to Windows 10 for free as we do so.
In the meantime, you can read more about our accessibility roadmap for Windows 10 on the Microsoft on the Issues blog.
Today we begin a bounty for the Nano Server installation option of Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 5. Bounties complement the Microsoft Security Development Lifecycle (SDL), Operational Security Assurance (OSA) framework, regular penetration testing of our products and services, and Security and Compliance Accreditations by third party audits. Customers that use tools linking to the Microsoft Download Center should follow the links provided in the Security Bulletins or search directly on the Microsoft Update Catalog. For us, the activity groups that pose the most danger are the ones who selectively target organizations and desire to stay undetected, protect their investment, and maximize their ROI. Based on our investigations, we know PLATINUM has been active since 2009 and primarily targets governmental organizations, defense institutes, intelligence agencies, and telecommunication providers in South and Southeast Asia. Using hotpatching in the malicious context has been theorized [1], [2], but has not been observed in the wild before. This could be based on rough heuristics, such as looking for files with high entropy, that were first observed recently, and that are confined to a geographic region that fits the profile of the activity group being investigated. Inclusive Design Sprints enable our designers and engineers to partner with individuals that have a range of disabilities across visual, hearing, speech, mobility and cognitive spectrums. If you are on Windows 10, make sure you have the latest updates, which include improvements to Narrator, Microsoft Edge and the Mail app. The team is working hard on two simple goals – allow everyone to create more accessible content from a variety of devices and design experiences that allow people of all abilities to be productive on every device. It’s our job to make our products easy to use, but we know that sometimes you just need a human to bounce a question, idea or problem off of. There is also the Cities Unlocked project, which uses Microsoft 3D soundscape technology to help people with vision loss navigate around town. Please check back here to continue receiving the most current accessibility updates from across the company.
The list will include files saved on a backup (if you’re using Windows Backup to back up your files) as well as restore points. It uses the deault autoopen() macro to run the entire VBA project when the document is opened.
The blog includes some concrete examples of how the new Edge accessibility architecture improves the end user’s experience, and specifically how markup defines the experience of navigating with assistive technologies like screen readers.
Keeping these applications up-to-date is really important to keep your PC safe and secure from the latest vulnerabilities. We were unable to confirm due to the servers being taken down, but reports online suggest trial COMODO SSL certificates were being used to secure these connections for the Kovter campaigns in the past.
Depending on the commands received, a malicious hacker can perform various actions on the machine.
Interestingly, there are large troughs during every weekend, with a return to higher numbers on Monday.
That’s what motivated us – the Windows Defender Advanced Threat Hunting team, known as hunters – when we recently discovered a novel technique being used by one such activity group. The group has gone to great lengths to develop covert techniques that allow them to conduct cyber-espionage campaigns for years without being detected. Finding such techniques is a focus of the Microsoft APT hunter team, and we want to provide some brief insights on how the team dug up this PLATINUM “nugget”. Mail on Windows 10 has more intuitive navigation, predictable keyboard behavior and reliability with screen readers.
And, at Microsoft’s 2016 Build Conference, we debuted a new research project called Seeing AI, which is aimed at helping people who are visually impaired or blind understand more about who and what is around them. Note: To restore a previous version of a file or folder that’s included in a library, right-click the file or folder in the location where it’s saved, rather than in the library.
To learn how to do this please take a look at the Restore Option in SharePoint Online blog post. The many examples in the blog focus on Narrator, but any screen reader using UIA will be able to take advantage of these improvements. This can indicate that Gamarue is especially pervasive either in enterprises, or in spam email campaigns.
As we continue to work on making our products and services more accessible, usable and productive for people with and without disabilities, your feedback is invaluable so please keep it coming! To deliver products that live and breathe accessibility, we must hire great talent with disabilities and advocates that empathize, and look forward to continuing to share more about our journey on disability inclusion. If we create a solution that works well for people with disabilities, we’ll help foster better designs for everyone. It’s only a matter of time before next-generation technologies, such as the Seeing AI research project, come to market.
The feedback you are sending us on your experiences using our products is hugely important as we continue working to improve technology to better meet your needs – keep it coming! For example, to restore a previous version of a picture that’s included in the Pictures library but is stored in the My Pictures folder, right-click the My Pictures folder, and then click Restore previous versions. Instead, let these apps update if they request to outside of your browser or search for the official websites to install the missing components. We’re working to improve browsing and reading experiences on Microsoft Edge for both built-in assistive technologies and other commercial assistive technology by the end of 2016. Features like ensuring that others are able to access content in documents by running the Accessibility Checker in Office apps for PCs (coming to Office apps for Mac and Office Online apps by the end of the year). It provides technical assistance, general tips and tricks, and is a place to share feedback. You can share your ideas on the Accessibility Forum, take the Accessibility feedback survey, and don’t forget to bookmark the Disability Answer Desk and Accessibility Blog! Recent updates to Microsoft Edge’s native support for the modern UI Automation accessibility framework were also made. Don’t forget that for customers who use assistive technologies, the July 29 free upgrade deadline for Windows 10 does not apply to you.
We receive around 10,000 inquiries a month and the team is ready to help in any way they can. This team has also published more than 300 articles in the past few months to help you accomplish key tasks. For additional information on enhancements and availability, check out today’s post on the Office Blog. You can also follow our video series on Microsoft Mechanics and check back here for updates.

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