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Here, my friends, is the bracket you’re up against in your effort to win a free Landmark subscription. FIRST ROUND WINNERS: Kentucky, Purdue, Buffalo, Valparaiso, Texas, Notre Dame, Wichita State, Kansas, Wisconsin, Oregon, Wofford, North Carolina, Mississippi, Baylor, VCU, Arizona, Villanova, North Carolina State, Northern Iowa, Louisville, Providence, Oklahoma, Michigan State, Virginia, Duke, St.
SWEET SIXTEEN: Kentucky, Buffalo, Texas, Wichita State, Wisconsin, North Carolina, Baylor, Arizona, Villanova, Northern Iowa, Providence, Virginia, Duke, Stephen F. ELITE EIGHT: Kentucky, Wichita State, Wisconsin, Baylor, Northern Iowa, Virginia, Duke, Gonzaga. Grab a snack and your favorite beverage and settle in near a TV during some of the tournament games.
If hired, your first assignment is to interpret this email sent out recently by Beverlee Roper, first district county commissioner in Platte County. Heard an interesting observation recently by someone in regard to the wild and crazy growth projections school districts like Park Hill and Platte County R-3 have been spouting recently. When even those observers on the left side of the aisle are questioning projections of exploding enrollment, you know the school districts have a bit of a credibility problem on their hands. Guy Speckman, publisher of the Savannah Reporter, has been on a roll with observations about public school spending, hitting home runs on a weekly basis. The book entitled The Silence, The Series and The Season of Sungwoo by our man Chris Kamler becomes available this week.
While many of us see an intersection of two state highways and think that would be a great place for a revenue-generating, respected public-serving entity like a QuikTrip, many folks at Parkville see an intersection of two major highways and think that would be a great place to plant a pawpaw tree or build a tribute to the hummingbird. Oh, and there’s more than just a scathing state audit facing some folks within the St. As Guy Speckman, publisher of the Savannah Reporter, wisely says in his column in our Other Voices item on this page, it should be a wake-up call for all local governments and the elected officials who serve on governing bodies.
It’s time for those who serve on boards to stop nodding heads in agreement at every proposal placed in front of them and start asking some tough questions of those who serve underneath them.
Based on what I’m about to remind you, there would seem to be reason to at least put this topic on your radar. In a story we did last April, The Landmark reported that Platte County R-3 had re-hired Westbrook and Co.
Reik explained he used a rubric to determine which company was the best firm to meet the needs of the district.
In that same Landmark article from last April in discussing why he recommended taking Westbrook over the lower bidder, it was reported that Reik said Westbrook officials are very helpful. Congressman Sam Graves came walking into The Landmark office Friday afternoon carrying his lunch, which was a bag of fast-food from Sonic. We saw this play out in 2011 and 2012 when projections of rapid and enormous growth in student enrollment at Platte County R-3 were making the rounds. If that’s the case, Park Hill is now projecting a growth rate of as high as 666 students per year. We do know of a common denominator involved in those earlier wildly incorrect growth projections made at Platte County R-3 and the new ones being made at Park Hill. Architects make good money off of the construction of large, new, expensive buildings, am I right?
Even one of the biggest government bureaucrats around, first district Platte County Commissioner Beverlee Roper, has been known to preach repeatedly against public debt. Check out the letter to the editor on this page for the first return volley against Reik’s comment.
My guess is that if R-3 had a very low amount of debt per student, proponents of the proposed tax increase would be touting that as a very positive sign of the district’s fiscal health and past financial management practices. After many hours of thoughtful deliberation (in other words, in a 30-second conversation that consisted of yelling to each other while walking out separate doors of a building), Chris Kamler and I have decided upon a date, place and time for his book signing event in Platte County. His book is about the Kansas City Royals and that Korean dude who flew in during the Royals’ magical 2014 season. We’ll have the official Landmark Newspaper Plinko board set up for anyone willing to give it a whirl. You’ve read stories in this fine newspaper about crimes occurring at Platte County hotels in what is known as the KCI corridor along Interstate 29. Last week’s event that you saw on our front page featured gunshots when perpetrators fired at a person who had spotted someone in his pickup in a hotel parking lot.
If hotel staff members are debating whether a situation warrants a call to 9-1-1, that’s when they need to call 9-1-1, Lewis said. Sheriff Owen backed up the KC police official’s concerns about shoplifting in the corridor. So public transportation, the lack of which is cursed by economic development officials who blame it in part for a perceived shortage in available workforce, has its downside in the law enforcement arena. FYI, Lewis mentioned the Kansas City Police Department’s North Patrol division leads the Kansas City metro area in the number of vehicles stolen while the engine is running with the doors unlocked. Does the Quality Platte County R-3 Schools committee realize the owner of the consulting firm they hired has compared their election campaign to O-rings under a toilet? A reader sent me this question: If the Platte County R-3 proposal is so great why do they need a nationally-known political consultant to make their case? Word on the street is that the Quality Platte County R-3 Schools committee will be using a political consulting firm in an effort to help it pass the proposed 43-cent tax levy increase in the April 7 election.
The political consulting firm that has been contacted by Quality Platte County R-3 Schools? Laura Hulett, deputy treasurer for the Quality Platte County R-3 Schools committee, would not verify whether the committee has hired a consulting firm. Two weeks ago I reached Roe on his cell phone to ask him whether his company has struck a deal to assist the R-3 pro-tax group.
Roe told me he didn’t know if his company has a deal in place with the R-3 pro-tax committee.
These are the types of conversations that two guys who generally don’t give a crap have with one another. If you take some time to digest the situation in its entirety, let’s not be totally shocked by the alleged partnership of R-3 pro-taxers with the normally anti-tax firm of Axiom.
Axiom did work for a Kansas City zoo tax proposal not too many years ago, so this wouldn’t be the first time it has consulted on the pro-tax side of an issue. Sources inside the administration building say Nancy Armstrong, new county clerk, has disposed of at least one of the employees she had inherited from previous clerk Joan Harms. Check out the coverage of a couple of important local business stories on our front page this week by assistant editor Valerie Verkamp.
And what about the gunfire outside a Platte County hotel after a witness approached three black males who were allegedly performing smash-and-grabs upon vehicles in the parking lot?
No matter how hectic a day I might be having, when I see someone about to walk in the front door of the local license bureau office I realize my day isn’t so bad after all.
There are some interesting-looking dudes and dudettes doing business at that location every day. Kansas City-area community centers are throwing out vending machines and switching to healthy food snack options, so from now on you’ll have to sneak in your own Twinkies and Ho Hos. Some of the early reaction by county commissioners to the four proposals for Shiloh Springs Golf Course that came in from potential management firms is fascinating. Beverlee Roper, first district county commissioner, must have had a good night’s sleep the night before because she actually seemed focused and on point for most of the Shiloh discussion. Other than that Groundhog Day reference which thankfully was ignored by the other two commissioners, Roper made some common sense comments and observations, which means by next meeting she’ll be ready to run from the stances she took this week. Roper pointed out it looks to her that Shiloh was designed postage stamp style on a piece of property, rather than flowing in a more unlimited manner that a golf course designer probably would have liked. Duane Soper, second district commissioner who is a golfer and user of the Shiloh course, countered that he thinks Shiloh can one day make money. Now is the time to start focusing on ways to cut losses, move on and get rid of the annual financial drain.
There’s a lot of studying that will need to be done to sift through the gory details of Martin’s proposal, but my first reaction? And here’s another benefit, especially for supporters of the parks department who may not be avid golfers. As you’ll see in our story inside this issue, Parkville and Platte City have police budgets that amount to an expenditure of $229 per resident. According to information gathered by DJ Gehrt, city administrator for Platte City, Riverside’s police budget equates to $1,006 per resident of Riverside. As your Landmark heads to press Wednesday, we’re being told the thermometer will hit 70 degrees later this afternoon.
That being said, I wouldn’t mind having to kick my pickup into four-wheel drive at least once this winter.
The Quality Platte County R-3 Schools committee, the campaign organization promoting passage of the 43-cent tax levy question on the April ballot, is already at work. In 2012, Platte County R-3’s levy increase proposal was soundly defeated 55% opposed to 45% in favor.
We will assume that’s a Platte City address, though the paperwork does not list the city, state or zip.
Deputy treasurer is listed as Laura Hulett, who is employed as a public relations person by the school district. Missouri Ethics Commission finally posted a copy of the agreement it reached with the Park Hill School District after Park Hill was found to have committed an ethics violation (see Landmark front page in Jan.
Conditions were a little weird covering President Obama’s trip to the region Thursday. I don’t know who was in charge of deciding in what setting this speech would be held, but it turned into a barn-like event inside what they called the Anschutz Sports Pavilion.
This was my fourth time covering an Obama appearance in the KC area, Valerie’s third.
Tuesday night I headed to City Hall in downtown Platte City for a meeting of the economic development subcommittee.
These various Platte City subcommittee meetings, while often newsworthy, are also often very short.
We did get to hear a presentation from Bo Woodruff about AMVETS’ fundraising efforts to acquire a tankchair, which is a heavy duty off-road wheelchair. If you’re wondering how acquiring a tricked out wheelchair for community use winds up being tagged as an economic development discussion, join the club. While I strongly support the acquisition of the contraption, hope the fundraising effort is successful, and agree the wheelchair would be beneficial to local disabled persons, I would not anticipate a flood of new economic activity being generated because of it.
Next on the agenda for the economic development subcommittee was an item dealing with shredding of older city documents. Platte City Mayor Frank Offutt let it be known that the city turns 175 years old in 2015 and there will be some kind of celebration--or at least an observance of some sort--tentatively set for Saturday, July 4.
The mayor also informed the economic development subcommittee that an anchor from the USS Platte, a former fleet oiler vessel, is available to the city. The mayor indicated the anchor will be placed in the city’s small park next to the Platte River at the foot of Main Street, which has a name but most of us only know it as the small park next to the Platte River at the foot of Main Street. It has been great to have the skills of assistant editor Valerie Verkamp back on The Landmark news beat the past couple of weeks. Occasionally it becomes time to clean out my news notebooks, review those sticky notes attached to my desk and place any news nuggets into this column space before I forget to get them distributed to the fine readers of this newspaper. There have not been significant advances in the understanding of biblical Greek since the KJV was translated. You hear that term quite often this time of year when the NCAA Tournament Selection Committee is making choices for at-large berths into the men’s college basketball championship tournament. Unless the city has evidence of wrongdoing--which it apparently does not have at this point, despite some occasionally unsavory accusations--Nan should let this one go.
The eye test also says the current mayor squirms a bit in her chair when Jones speaks up at meetings. Roper fired off the email to a circle of friends and alleged supporters, at least one of whom wanted to be sure that I saw it. Either way, if you’re a taxpayer to the Platte County R-3 district you helped pay the tab. This observation came from the Line Creek Loud Mouth blog, a blog not known for conservatism, by the way. We pay people administrative salaries, yet give them menial job tasks that could be done by far less expensive employees. We’ll have some available for purchase in The Landmark office, 252 Main Street, Platte City. This time, there is no McDonald’s included in the site plan for the intersection of Highway 45 and Highway 9. Joseph School District had been using the same auditing firm, Westbrook and Company, that Platte County R-3 has used for years? Employees who work at management levels inside school districts and other units of government often develop friendly relationships with particular firms. The district chose an auditing firm with a price 26% higher than an equally qualified bidder.
Platte County Sheriff Mark Owen dropped in our office Tuesday afternoon and commented he was on his way back to his office and had lunch sitting in his car. The Landmark was at a meeting of the Park Hill School Board in December when it was remarked the district has grown by about 150 students per year over the past 30 years. That seems the stuff of fairy tales, fantasies, and revenue projections at the county golf course. The common denominator is that there has been input in developing those projections by the architectural firm Hollis and Miller. If you don’t know what The Landmark Plinko board is, check out a recent picture posted on my Facebook page. Thugs are breaking into vehicles and stealing items in what the police call smash-and-grab crimes. It was recovered near 82nd and Troost in Kansas City, unoccupied, obviously with holes in the windshield.
It pisses me off,” said Major Roger Lewis, division commander of the North Patrol Division for the Kansas City Police Department, about the rising number of crimes in the KCI corridor.
Owen says since the public transportation bus stop was put in near Wal-Mart on Barry Road shoplifting in that area has seen a marked increase.
Kansas City police and the Platte County Sheriff’s Department have formed a task force to study the issue of crime in the KCI corridor and what steps can be taken by law enforcement to prevent incidents and to solve the ones that do occur. The only sources declining the opportunity to confirm it are the official spokespeople for Axiom and the campaign committee. Axiom Strategies has built a name for itself by fighting against things like tax increases, not in favor of them.
Roe was in Texas that day, a state where he is spending much time in helping to guide the likely presidential campaign of Texas Senator Ted Cruz. Not only did it have an ill-advised, poorly-timed proposal it was trying to sell, but to make matters worse R-3’s pro-tax increase campaign was outfoxed and unprepared in 2012 when its levy question was hammered by voters 55-45%. Dairy Farmers of America announces it is moving out of Platte County the same week that Valerie was already doing a feature story on efforts the Platte County Economic Development Council makes to retain existing businesses in the county. Gotta say I think a reality show or video podcast based on the adventures of the attorneys and defendants who enter the hallowed halls of the Owens Lee Hull Jr. See our front page story for more details, but I’ll summarize some of the highlights that hit me while sitting in on their discussion Monday. A couple of times she actually sounded like the promising 2012 candidate Roper instead of the hugely disappointing officeholder Roper.
Like many of us with no emotional investment in the sport of golf, Roper doubts Shiloh will ever make money.
He also said he does not want the county to sell Shiloh, using the defense that taxpayers have already spent $10 million over the years at the golf course. That fits the wishes of Soper and others like him who don’t want the course to go away. Getting rid of Shiloh frees up many $$$ that can be used on other park projects, projects that wouldn’t be developed by private industry. Based on some questions they’ve posed in an online survey, it looks like the Vote Yes side has determined its magic number is 2,000, as in they believe it will take 2,000 yes votes for the issue to pass.
That same address on NW 126th is listed as the address for the organization’s treasurer, Vic Perrin. 14 issue) in last year’s laptop levy campaign that was hammered by voters 61% opposed to only 39% in favor. Under the deal, Park Hill must adopt a procedure that, in the future, the superintendent or his designee will review all publicly-funded informational items related to ballot issues prior to distribution. As you know by now and can see on our front page, the president came to Lawrence for a speech at Kansas University. Yes that sounds indoors, I understand, but there were doors open on the backside of the audience next to the media tables.
Of course since we featured Bo and this topic on the front page a couple of weeks ago, Landmark readers are well aware of this topic. It did seem like an odd setting for Bo’s fine presentation, but apparently the city leadership believes every potential topic for the full board of aldermen needs to be vetted by some subcommittee. On Tuesday night there was at least one piece of newsworthiness to come out of that hour of our lives that we’ll never get back. Please duly note the dates of the Big 12 Tournament and let’s not schedule your book signing to conflict with those days. If you missed her byline there for a bit, it’s because Valerie was enjoying a winter-time tropical vacation to an undisclosed location. There is absolutely no truth to the rumor that her boss back at The Landmark ordered the attack by the squishy fish assassin as some sort of payback for leaving him temporarily overworked.


The King James Version (KJV), the Revised Standard Version (RSV), Today's English Version (TEV), New English Bible (NEB), Jerusalem Bible (JB), New American Standard Bible (NASB), and the New International Version (NIV) are just a few of the most popular ones in use today. We, however, will use a faith-oriented approach that also takes into consideration scholarly evidence. Of course this is something that cannot be precisely measured, for there are many factors that influence society. The Bible is an ancient, divine volume, but when it is fashioned like a common book, it gets treated like one. When everyone was using the KJV, frequent repetition of the same wording was heard which helped fix it in the mind. In turning to Luke 4:8, you will find that when Jesus was tempted in the wilderness, His command a€?Get thee behind me, Satana€? is not recorded. But for now, it can be postulated that the proliferation of versions has weakened the faith people once had in the authority of the Scriptures. It is now at length too evident that Scripture is powerless without the [Catholic] Church as the witness to its inspiration, the safeguard of its integrity, and the exponent of its meaning.
Protestantism itself has no grounds for existence apart from a strong faith in the Word of God. However, a question arises regarding the effect the proliferation of modern versions has had on peoplea€™s confidence in the authority of Scripture. This important characteristic of the Word of God is conditional upon the reader allowing the Holy Spirit to reveal truth.
The freer the translation, the greater the possibility of bias, and the less reliable the version is for study purposes. 4 These Bibles are translated by giving what is assumed to be the meaning of what the Bible writers wrote. It says that the Word of God has been divinely preserved and has had an active role within the church throughout every age.
Throughout the years, scholars have examined the existing manuscripts, considered their various readings, and have constructed their own Greek or Hebrew text which they believe accurately represents the readings of the original manuscripts. The New Testaments of most modern versions such as the RSV, TEV, NEB, and NASB are translated from these critical texts.
11 Therefore we must determine which Greek text is superiora€”the Received Text or the Critical Text.
As stated above, its readings are largely influenced by the Alexandrian line of manuscripts (or text-type). He believed that his efforts had at last restored the inspired Word of God to mankind after having been lost for 1,500 years.
Minor differences within text-types are normal; however, the number of variants within the Alexandrian Text is enormous. Vaticanus exhibits numerous places where the scribe has written the same word or phrase twice in succession, 20 a clear indication that the writing was not checked. But recent scholarship has confirmed that what has been restored should not be considered the original text, but simply the text that had the highest authority in Alexandria, Egypt in the third century.
Origen studied deeply into Platonism and Stoicism, seeking to harmonize their philosophic principles with the Scriptures. The Arians taught that Christ was a created being, while the conservatives of the day taught that Christ was eternal, wholly uncreated, and equal with the Father. 26 Several scholars believe that they may be identified with two of fifty Bibles that Constantine ordered to be prepared in A.D. Eusebius is well known as an enthusiastic admirer of Origen, and was inclined to favor the Arians. It is based on a text-type that lay idle for 1,500 years except for some renderings retained within the Catholic Church. Unlike the small number of manuscripts supporting the Alexandrian Text, the Received Text is derived from the Byzantine text-type which is represented in 80 to 90 percent of all Greek manuscripts. 400, most scholars agree that in order for this text-type to be so widespread and predominant among the Greek manuscripts, it had to have a much earlier existence.
As the true church fled into the wilderness (Revelation 12:6, 14), it resisted error and clung to the Scriptures.
A revival of learning ensued and God raised up a man to lay the foundation of the mightiest reformatory movement in history.
Luther, that great giant of the Reformation, used a Waldensian Bible and Erasmus Greek text (the Received Text) in producing his German translation of the New Testament. With Erasmusa€™ Greek text, several Waldensian-influenced Bibles, and the literary excellence of Tyndale, 46 forty-seven scholars produced the King James Version of 1611.
The general chairman of the project was Lancelot Andrews, one of the greatest linguists of his day. In addition, it has been the Bible of every English-speaking country on the face the globe.
The blood of martyrs has been shed over it, nations have been founded upon it, and divine providence has protected it. While great truths such as the Sabbath and the three angelsa€™ messages were being proclaimed, grievous errors such as spiritualism, evolution, and Marxism were on the rise. These men shared several points of interest, including a fascination with the theory of evolution. By this time, spelling and grammar had changed and many of the Old English words used in the KJV were considered obscure in meaning. The Revised Version of 1881 made 36,000 changes in the English of the KJV, and nearly 6,000 in the Greek text. 52 Eloquently expounding upon the methods they had used to compile their text, they overwhelmed the other members of the committee. Vaticanus and Sinaiticus are about 100 years older than any of the existing Greek manuscripts supporting the Received Text.
They had to explain why the majority of manuscripts support the Byzantine readings of the Received Text and not the Alexandrian readings of the Critical Text.
Yet scholars still refused to recognize the providential hand of God in the spreading of the Received Text. In Westcott and Horta€™s day, it was believed that the original text of the New Testament had been virtually reconstructed.
The New Testament of most modern versions is based on an Egyptian text rejected by Christendom 1,500 years ago. We must confidently turn to the Scriptures for guidance and be able to present its saving truths to others clearly.
The New Testament Student and Bible Translation (Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1978), p. Also known as the Textus Receptus, Traditional Text, Greek Vulgate, Ecclesiastical Text, Syrian Text, Koine (Common) Text and often used synonymously with Majority Text.
I am using the term Critical Text to refer to the majority of Greek texts produced in recent years.
George Salmon, Some Thoughts on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (London: John Murray, 1897), pp. John Burgon, The Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels Vindicated and Established, completed by Edward Miller (London: George Bell and Sons, 1896), pp. Of lesser significance than readability are a few places where the KJV could have been more literal in a consistent translation of verb tenses and articles. There are places where modern versions more clearly and in a few cases, more accurately translate the same Greek found in the Received Text. The discovery of secular papyri has not been as beneficial in Christian word study as once hoped.
Check out the ample parking space available on Platte City’s Main Street at most hours of the day. Do you know how much money the park tax will generate this year if it ends 14.6% ahead of 2014?
Second place gets an autographed copy of Landmark columnist Chris Kamler’s new book The Silence, The Series and The Season of Sungwoo. Basically, our contest is won or lost in the later rounds because later round victories are rewarded with more points than the early rounds.
Parkville--home of golf carts legalized as street vehicles, parks, nature areas, parks, nature areas and did I mention parks--can be a bit quirky when it comes to proposed development. You were elected to lead, not to be led by the paid professionals on staff at whatever public entity you’re serving. Don’t just list the elected position on your resume and think warming a seat at meetings is all you need to do. But Westbrook’s reputation is no doubt taking some hits after what has been revealed in St.
Joseph School District’s experience, it might be time to re-evaluate some things like longstanding relationships with particular firms, not only in the field of auditing but in other service categories. So incorrect, in fact, that the district has trashed those earlier numbers and toned down its most recent predictions of growth to a level less likely to trip the crazy meter. The tone at Park Hill has changed in recent weeks, not surprisingly at a time when the district is now pushing the need for a major facility expansion (see last week’s front page).
This thing better have some pictures in the early pages or I’m going to need a shock collar to get through it.
The plan is to set up shop on the sidewalk in front of The Landmark office that Friday afternoon, maybe around 2-ish or 3-ish, and hang out through the early evening hours. Suspects--police say there were four black males involved--opened fire at the witness through the windshield of the suspects’ stolen Mercedes. Lewis made the comment Friday morning while addressing a group of hoteliers in a meeting called for the purpose of talking about the recent criminal activity that has occurred on and around their properties.
The more public knows the better steps they can take to protect themselves and their property. That’s why the type of vehicles most often hit are pickups and SUVs--vehicles most often driven by folks who would have a weapon inside.
One night last week, Lewis said, a clothing store in Zona Rosa was hit with a $10,000 loss in one shoplifting incident. Axiom is a very successful multimillion dollar company now with a national presence and a lot of irons in the fire. Armstrong had walked out of the office, apparently so she wouldn’t have to see the carnage she had ordered.
Well, except the part where she announced for no apparent reason that she went to college with the daughter of the mayor of Punxsutawney, Pa. Martin wants to run Shiloh by aligning a group of investors to operate the course as a non-profit for a few years, then mentions he would make a $1.2 million offer after three years to buy the course from the county.
The private sector has done a fine job of handling golf courses in Platte County in recent years.
My guess is we’ll be back again the next time a president, Obama or otherwise, comes to the area.
Give me a meeting that is not time-consuming yet has some news value in it and all is right with the world.
Despite the 87 other things I needed to be doing at the time, I headed down there anticipating--hoping for is probably a more accurate description--a 30-minute meeting, tops. After the mayor’s presentation about the 13-ton anchor from the aptly named USS Platte--which has been out of commission since 1999--being available, the committee recommended the city spend the $3,000 to have the big-ass anchor shipped here from New Orleans. It is our firm foundation, and as we sincerely study it, our confidence in God and His Word will grow. They have not been hidden away from mankind but have been a visible, convicting, living part of the Christian church. Thou shalt keep them, 0 Lord, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.a€? We can clearly see that the Scriptures have been divinely preserved right down to our generation.
Through the aid of the Holy Spirit, points essential to salvation are brought home, and many people can relate their conversions to one Bible version or another. However, we can generally observe the difference between peoplea€™s attitude toward the Bible today compared to their attitudes when there was only one accepted version. A study of the Good News Bible (TEV) indicated that university students a€?first devoured it because as they said, it read just like a newspaper. Now, however, verses are read from versions which vary so much that they are scarcely recognized as the same passage.
Footnotes and marginal readings can be helpful, but is it possible that modern scholarship has overwhelmed the Bible student with a plethora of critical readings varying from version to version? If Protestants stop viewing the Bible as the sure Word of God, in a crisis, what a€?authoritya€? will they look to?
Although they are very readable, you cannot be certain that you are reading any more than the translatora€™s own idea of the passage. 6 These translations try to convey the meaning of a passage, while at the same time preserving the words of the original. With that in mind, we now turn to a discussion of our last characteristic of the inspired Word of God. Before we delve into this discussion, it is necessary to gain a little background information. The first manuscripts of the Bible, written by the inspired authors, are no longer in existence. For the past hundred years there has been a rivalry between two Greek textsa€”the Received Text 9 and the Critical Text.
This may sound like an impossible task for someone without a background in textual criticism. Out of over 5,000 Greek manuscripts in existence, only a small handful (often less than ten) contain this text-type. 15 For hundreds of years, the Roman Catholic Church guarded it so closely that no Protestant scholar of ability was allowed to study it for any length of time.
If the Alexandrian Text is the pure form of the New Testament text, then it would mean that the church was deprived of its benefits for 88 percent of the time since it was written!
Not including minor errors such as spelling, Sinaiticus and Vaticanus disagree with each other over 3,000 times in the space of the four Gospels alone. The scribe of Sinaiticus occasionally skipped lines in copying and made so many obvious errors that during the time Sinaiticus was used, ten different readers noted corrections. 22 Alexandria, Egypt, an area to which none of the original manuscripts were addressed, 23 has little claim upon our confidence as possessing a pure text. Christian a€?thinkersa€? regarded Greek philosophy as a tool for understanding and applying Scripture, and like the pagans around them, they started a school which became the main focus and stimulus of their intellectual and spiritual life. To do so, he allegorized the Scripturesa€”a process that allowed him to interpret them any way he wished. More interested in politics than pure religion, Constantine favored whichever side seemed to his advantage. If such a one was in charge of preparing these manuscripts, it is no wonder the Critical Texta€”and consequently nearly every modern versiona€”lacks fervent support for the deity of Christ.
Whether through Eusebius, other misguided critics, or one of the countless heretics that Alexandria bred, 30 it is apparent that the Alexandriansa€™ attempt to a€?correcta€? the Scriptures failed. In addition, the text reflects the Arian views prominent in the fourth century in Alexandria, and it contains numerous omissions likely due to misguided editing and careless copying. 36 Indeed, distinctive Byzantine readings are found in all of the oldest versions, 37 in the papyri, 38 and in the Scriptural quotations of the early church fathers. These manuscripts, like the vast bulk of all New Testament Greek manuscripts, were of the Byzantine text-typea€”the same text-type that had been preserved and used by the church in the wilderness.
Similarly based were Olivetana€™s French translation, Diodatia€™s Italian translation, and Tyndalea€™s English translation.
It has been the guide of conduct to men and women in every class of life and of every rank in learning and education. The Received Text is the Greek text that has played an active role in the church through-out the ages, and as such it best fits our third characteristic of the inspired Word of God. Just as these false movements sought to dethrone God as the creator of the universe, critical scholars were trying to discredit the Bible as the inspired Word of God. But the one conviction that most closely united the two men was a prejudiced animosity for the Received Text. Some critics believed that increased scholarship and the recent availability of Vaticanus and Sinaiticus necessitated a revision.
50 Shortly before the Bible was released to the public, Westcott and Hort published their own critical text of the New Testament. Their methods gave preferential status to Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, 53 and have since shaped the thinking of all who approach textual criticism.
Realizing that it was absurd to insist that a variety of scribes, separated by time and space and working independently, would all a€?altera€? their manuscripts so as to produce the uniform readings of the Byzantine text-type, Westcott and Hort devised a theory. Even if such a theory were true, it assumed that men who were only 200 years from the originals were so ignorant they couldna€™t recognize the correct manuscripts to use as authority. With no suitable explanation of why the Byzantine text-type is found abundantly in Greek manuscripts from all over the world, 58 most scholars still cling to the framework of textual criticism set up by Westcott and Hort. As we have seen, for over 300 years the KJV has built the faith of its readers, it is a formal translation profitable for studying doctrine, and both its Old and New Testaments are based on text-types that have been providentially preserved through the ages by the priesthood of believers. 62 Although this difficulty has often been exaggerated by detractors of the KJV, it is true that its English has not been updated since 1769. 66 While we can acknowledge the good points of modern versions and appreciate their usefulness for reference and commentary, 67 there is no more reliable English study Bible than the KJV. While other versions often make the most relevant truths ambiguous, the King James Version resoundingly affirms them.
27 as quoted in Ted Letis, a€?An Open Letter to the International Bible Society and the Zondervan Corporation,a€? (April 29, 1985). While still a student at Cambridge, twenty-three years old, Hort clearly indicated in a letter the identity of the villain: a€?I had no idea till the last few weeks of the importance of texts, having read so little Greek Testament, and dragged on with the villainous Textus Receptus.


Contrary to a commonly held view, the New Testament was not written in the uncultivated dialect of the market-place. 107 as quoted in Letis, The Majority Text says a€?The Authorized Version had a remarkable sense of appropriateness, felicity, and effectiveness of expression.
If past performance is any indication, Landmark office manager Cindy Rinehart is considered among the front runners to come in last, but if that happens any potential prize will go to someone else. The portion of the letter that needs explanation deals with some bizarre remarks Roper makes about development potential at KCI Airport. It has taken six years for the housing market to recover and the trend for the next generation is marrying later and not having more than one kid. Anyone that thinks public education is not a train off the financial tracks is simply ignoring the facts that are in front of us every single day. Also, Chris is hosting a book launch party this Friday night, March 13 at Dirk’s bar and grill in Platte Woods.
Read the contents of a blistering state audit that was just conducted on that school district. Realize that the paid professionals don’t have the same level of ownership in your entity that you do. Reik said it is Westbrook’s thorough audit and helpful attitude that makes them the company many school districts turn to for their auditing needs. Change can be inconvenient for some staff members but overall change is a good avenue of protection for patrons and taxpayers. A stray bullet traveled through a first floor hotel room window and struck a sleeping guest in the leg. I’m not sure how somebody gets away with $10,000 in one night of shoplifting, but police say it happened. A local school tax levy campaign is small potatoes in Roe’s world, as he let me know in our phone conversation. The question is, will the campaign have enough contributed money available to throw to Axiom for the firm to do the campaign any good? Getting Shiloh off the county parks department books would free up tax dollars for other amenities and services not offered by the private sector. If the district commits any further violations within a two year period , then Park Hill will be required to pay the remainder of the fee. Double garage-sized industrial doors--which allowed a pretty damn crisp wind to blow through on a cold day. It will require a crane to unload and place the massive object, and Absolute Crane of Platte City can do that for $800, the committee heard. The Bible is Goda€™s chosen medium of communicating with man, and we should use the best version we can find for studying the deep truths of His Word.
Not only have they abided in the hearts of men, but faithful copies of the Scriptures have been passed on from one generation to another.
It has been divinely preserved and has had an active role within the church throughout every age. Ministers no longer preach the Word, but instead deliver philosophical sermons on the general a€?messagea€? of Scriptures. A paraphrase is largely an interpretation of Scripturea€”which by definition must be influenced by the authora€™s personal beliefs. When there is a noun in the original, a formal translation will generally have a corresponding noun in the English, a verb will have a verb, et cetera. 12 However, prominent among these few are two manuscripts which many scholars value more highly than most other manuscripts. 16 Those who were granted permission to look at the manuscript were searched to assure they didna€™t have paper or ink. Such an idea is strangely out of step with the biblical description of the inspired Word of God. 21 However, instead of questioning the reliability of these manuscripts, scholars have accepted many of their peculiar readings.
A look into the history of Alexandria, especially during the time these manuscripts are believed to have been produced, is quite revealing. The leaders of the school were usually experts in Greek philosophy, and they greatly influenced the theology of the Christians in Alexandria. Further, he questioned the authenticity of certain portions of Scripture that did not conform to his own idiosyncratic beliefs. 27 Vaticanus and Sinaiticus were both written on parchments of vellum by talented calligraphers, a very expensive specification included in Constantinea€™s order. If Eusebius used any of the critical skills of his mentor, he was likely to dissect the Scriptures, thinking he was correcting them.
Wilkinson, history professor and late president of Washington Missionary College, has proposed that Jerome, a great admirer of both Origen and Eusebius, transmitted many Eusebio-Origen errors into the Latin Vulgate. Dotted over hundreds of years, these witnesses come from many different placesa€”Greece, Constantinople, Asia Minor, Palestine, Syria, Alexandria, other parts of Africa, not to mention Sicily, southern Italy, Gaul, England, and Ireland.
39 In numerous places the Byzantine text-type can be shown to be as early or earlier than any text-type. 42 Traveling about as merchants and peddlers, they quietly passed on their precious hand-copied portions of Scripture. So deeply has its language entered into our common tongue, that one probably could not take up a newspaper or read a single book in which some phrase was not borrowed, consciously or unconsciously, from the KJV. Disregarding the providential care of the biblical text, men began to analyze it as they would any ancient piece of literature. Although there was much fear and distrust of revision in the public mind, it was sanctioned under the condition that no changes be made in the KJV except as were absolutely necessary.
This Greek New Testament was drawn from Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, and in essence was the Greek text that had been used by the Revision Committee for translating the Greek into English. They theorized that in the fourth century an official ecclesiastical command had been given to adopt a standardized form of the Greek text. Strangely enough, today, nearly 1,900 years from the originals, scholars feel better able to judge than they could.
Thus, the most popular editions of the Greek text todaya€”Nestle-Aland and UBSa€”vary little from the Westcott-Hort text.
The KJV translators not only provided an accurate English translation 68 of the best manuscript tradition, but they masterfully rendered the English in a literary style befitting the dignity of Sacred Writ. Skeat of the British Museum has suggested that Vaticanus was a a€?rejecta€? among the fifty copies. 134 writes, a€?Egypt during the early Christian centuries was a land in which heresies were rampant.
Also Gunther Zuntz, a€?The Byzantine Text in New Testament Criticism,a€? The Journal of Theological Studies, XLII (1942), p. Arthur Farstad, New Testament editor of the NKJV, a€?He admitted that he had been biased by his studies at various seminaries in the direction of accepting the view that the KJV contained numerous inaccuracies in translation. It is unbelievable that there are still folks who want to fight when it is suggested the rate be cut slightly to allow a portion of that half cent sales tax to fund more basic services, such as law enforcement. Public education insiders were quick to totally destroy the last education reform issue on the ballot, and probably for good reason. Some things in there will anger you, frustrate you, amaze you, and most of all should put you on alert.
Realize that those paid professionals you may have come to believe will always be there are often thinking of their next step on the career ladder, the next job that they may see as bigger and better. Particularly in a case like this one, where a change would also have meant saving significant taxpayer dollars. Justice Center and the Pool Hall, with the hope being that borderline nut jobs and some slightly boozed-up folks will be more likely to buy a book.
It seems like the incidents are getting more violent each week,” the sheriff told me later. Axiom can work wonders but it takes significant dollars, not chump change, to put its recommendations into action. Roper also was strong in expressing her desire to have the county explore the idea of selling the Shiloh property to a developer rather than mandating it be kept as a golf course.
It should be noted this is not a lot of $$, but it sends a message that leadership at the district is not living up to ethical standards in elections.
And keep in mind because of the security factors involved in presidential visits, the media must be set up and in place for a couple of hours in advance of the speech. Time and again both Jesus and Paul affirmed the accuracy of the Scriptures by widely quoting from them.
While this method may still leave the translation of a few passages obscure or ambiguous, the reader at least has before him a more literal translation of the words of the original. It should also be noted that it is much harder to prove the deity of Christ when using modern versions.
When these copies are compared with one another, several hundred thousand differences can be noted. The preferred Greek text must be one which has played an active role within the church throughout every age.
They are called Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, and they date a little over 200 years from the original writings. 14 Several years later he acquired the remainder of the leaves from the monastery, and by 1862 he had published the complete manuscript.
Then if they were caught looking too closely at any passage, two attendants would snatch the manuscript from them!
Sinaiticus and Vaticanus are the basis for most of the two hundred omissions from the modern New Testament versions mentioned earlier in this booklet.
His teachings not only promoted a critical attitude toward the Scriptures, but they helped breed numerous heresies in Alexandria, including the doctrine of Arianism. This may explain some of the omissions characteristic of the Alexandrian Text and likewise of most modern versions.
35 This is quite a contrast to the limited locality and time-range of the Alexandrian Text. 40 It was the authoritative Scriptures of the Syrian church, the Waldensian church of northern Italy, and the Greek Orthodox Church. Ten columns in the catalogue of the library of the British Museum are taken up with the works he translated, edited or annotated. Through the publication of Erasmusa€™ Greek New Testament, Goda€™s providence was preparing the way for the many subsequent translations that would guide His true Church as two-thirds of Europe broke away from the Catholic Church in the Great Protestant Reformation. Although these men did not all agree doctrinally, they all had reverent regard for the divine inspiration of Scripture. Hort was only twenty-three years old and had not yet even studied textual criticism when he described the Received Text as a€?villainousa€? and a€?vile.a€? 48 In spite of the unorthodoxy of these men, their scholarship has exerted a molding influence upon the distinctive readings of the modern versions. 49 Fifty-four men, including Westcott and Hort, were asked to be on the Revision Committee, and they began what should have been a short work. 51 It then became evident that Westcott and Hort had exercised disproportionate influence over the Revision Committee.
History records that during the century following the completion of the New Testament, manuscripts suffered the greatest abuse.
This is not a problem for those who have grown up reading the KJV, but its language may discourage others.
69 Although publishers have hoped to multiply their profits by producing a version which would replace the KJV, it still remains the most trusted Bible for the majority of English-speaking Christians. Certainly there was a divine purpose at work in the production and preservation of such an authoritative transcript of Holy Writ.
So much so that, as Bauer (1934) and Van Unnik (1958) have pointed out, later Egyptian Christians seem to have been ashamed of the heretical past of their country and to have drawn a veil of silence across it.
Blake and Silva New, a€?The Caesarean Text of the Gospel of Mark,a€? Harvard Theological Review, Vol. Yet I don’t see these same insiders promoting any plans that will curtail the squandering of millions of dollars on public education waste that has been created nationally, regionally and locally. It’s your job as an elected official to look out for your local taxpayers and patrons because your paid professional is looking out for number one.
Based on the established growth trend of 150 students per year, that level would be reached about the year 2030. I wish I had a buck for every time this newspaper has had to put a verbal squeeze on law enforcement spokespeople to get basic public right-to-know information from them.
This is never good for an administrator’s job security nor for the district as a whole in trying to win over the hearts and minds of the taxpaying patrons it serves.
So, yes, assistant editor Valerie Verkamp and I were basically locked in a deep freeze for hours that day. Your Landmark editor, crazily thinking, you know, that the president would be speaking in normal indoor conditions--in other words, not with an Alaskan wind blowing on the media tables--didn’t even wear a coat into the place. An epidemic of ignorance concerning the most basic Bible content is plaguing even churchgoing youth. A short time ago I attended a meeting held by a group of young people who seemed to be avid Bible students.
Most of the variants are misspellings or other obvious errors 7, but thousands of other variants must be closely evaluated. 17 In 1866, however, the Vatican finally allowed Constantine Tischendorf, under supervision, to copy the manuscript. They have never been lost, only to be discovered in a wastepaper basket or lying on a forgotten shelf in the Vatican. It is, in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two manuscripts differ the one from the other, than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree. Wilkinsona€™s study also suggests the Byzantine text-type was the Scriptures of such early churches as the Celtic church in Scotland and Ireland, and the Gallic church in southern France.
In addition, the translating was engineered so that no one man would have undue influence upon any portion of Scripture.
55 It was during this time that a number of heretics are known to have made corrupted copies of the Scriptures. For those who struggle with the English of the KJV, the New King James Version 63 is to be recommended. As we study the Holy Scriptures, may each of us individually be assured that a€?the word of our God shall stand for evera€? (Isaiah 40:8). The Masoretic Text has been recognized as the most carefully preserved and transmitted Hebrew text-type.
This seems to be why so little is known of the history of the early Egyptian Christianity.a€? Hills also suggests that Gnostic and docetist influences explain many of the peculiar readings of the Alexandrian Text.
While not a literal, word-for-word rendering which is insensitive to English idiom and style, it is faithful to its text and is remarkably successful in conveying the sense of that text into good English.a€? John H. At least someone had taped a letterhead with the presidential seal on it on the door of the media’s porta potty (a unisex porta potty, pity the poor ladies, this thing had been abused if you know what I mean) to add a touch of class.
The KJV and NASB give us further help by italicizing any words which the translators felt necessary to insert into a passage to make the meaning clear. I was amazed to find that they denied the deity of Christ and supported their positions by referring to textual renderings from various modern versions.
In addition, the a€?benefitsa€? of the Alexandrian Text to the church have been dubious indeed. History is replete with episodes of violence wrought by the Catholic Church against all who did not receive the Latin Vulgate. A reformer at heart, Erasmus wrote several books that rocked Europe by exposing the ignorance of the monks, the superstitions of the priesthood, and the bigoted, coarse religion of the day. Even while Paul was alive, someone was passing around false manuscripts (see 2 Thessalonians 2:2).
And may we accept its wondrous truths not only intellectually, but make them a dynamic, meaningful part of our everyday lives.
158 quotes Horta€™s letter published in Arthur Fenton Hort, Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, I (London and New York, 1896), p. Whatever the reason, if we can effectively judge the caseload of the courts by the number of cars parked out front, the caseload has decreased noticeably. The age of Vaticanus and Sinaiticus is no criterion for considering their readings to be pure. Skilton, ed., The Law and the Prophets (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1974) p.
Cadbury, a€?The Vocabulary and Grammar of New Testament Greek,a€? in An introduction to the Revised Standard Version of the New Testament (The International Council of Religious Education, 1967), p. Revelation 11:3, 4 tell us that during the 1,260 years of papal supremacy, the two witnessesa€”the Old and New Testamentsa€”still prophesied powerfully. When the modern versions began to appear with several readings previously propagated only in Catholic Bibles, Thomas S. This was the first scholarly attention paid to the Greek text of the New Testament in over a thousand years. 104 as quoted in Letis, a€?Hugh Broughton Redivivus,a€? The Majority Text: Essays and Reviews in the Continuing Debate. The dry climate of Egypt and the sturdiness of vellum are not sufficient to explain their survival. Reliable manuscripts of the Scriptures ultimately disintegrated from continual use while these manuscripts were preserved by disuse.
One must question why they were not used when copies of the Scriptures were so precious and few.



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